Singer-songwriter Carole King

The prolific singer-songwriter reflects on her past songs and the inspiration for her art, as described in her memoir, A Natural Woman.

A member of both the Songwriters and Rock and Roll Halls of Fame, Carole King has written some 400 songs recorded by more than 1,000 artists. She's also made her mark as a performer, recording 25 solo albums, including the award-winning "Tapestry," which won 4 Grammys and was re-issued to mark her 50th anniversary in the business. King recently added author to her list of accomplishments with her memoir, A Natural Woman, in which she chronicles her journey from playing piano at age 4 in Brooklyn, NY through her present-day activism and success as one of the world's most acclaimed musical talents.

TRANSCRIPT

Tavis Smiley: Pleased to welcome Carole King back to this program. Her legendary career in music is the subject of the New York Times best-selling memoir, “A Natural Woman.”

In addition, she’s out with this terrific – and I do mean terrific – CD called “The Legendary Demos” featuring never before heard recordings of many of her iconic songs. Carole King, good to have you back on this program.

Carole King: Thank you.

Tavis: When you hear your demos, what do you think?

King: It’s very difficult for me to evaluate my own stuff. When I hear it, I go “How did that young woman know how to do that?” How did she – which is now I, of course – you can hear in every track the artist for whom the demo was destined, the song was destined.

And I just listen to that and I’m quite taken with that, but I’m so far removed from it that I don’t feel like immodest by saying that, but just sort of marveling it. When I was young, I did that?

Tavis: Another strange question here. When you hear certain of these demos, to your point now, demos that you wrote for other people, obviously it’s your stuff. You can record it any time you want, but do you ever say to yourself, “I wish I’d held that one back?”

King: No, no.

Tavis: Yeah.

King: No, because it’s always a pleasure when somebody does record it. And one of the fun things about, for example, “Natural Woman,” you hear my original version as presented to Aretha Franklin and her producers and then I recorded it later on the “Tapestry” album and you have my book there.

The title is “A Natural Woman” and there’s this whole chapter about “A Natural Woman” and from the beginning, through the end, to the end, and there’s really no end because people keep recording it.

Tavis: Yeah. You were very open, very honest, very courageous, I think, about your marriages and particularly one that was abusive.

King: Yes.

Tavis: Maybe I got to spend more time going back through the Carole King play list, but I’m trying to figure out where that came out to the extent that it ever did come out in the songwriting, in the music. Did I miss something in here, your corpus?

King: You know, I don’t know if or where it did because the man that was abusive to me was named Rick Evers, just so we clarify who it isn’t [laugh].

Tavis: Yeah, got it.

King: And I was kind of taken over. His personality took me over and he influenced my songs and I don’t think I really did my best work when I was with him. If it did come out, I really can’t specify which song…

Tavis: That may be the answer, though. That’s why I said I had to go back through my Carole King corpus here because maybe the way that it came out, to your point, is not doing your best work.

King: I think that’s right.

Tavis: That may be the result of it.

King: I think that’s right. I was trying to speak for him in a lot of cases and, you know, he wanted to be a star and I was the vehicle to that and he’s gone now and I don’t think he was ever happy being here and he overdosed on drugs and took himself out of the mix. The only reason I wrote about it, it was scary to write about it because it was a very painful thing.

But I did it because I figured if there is one woman – and there are some men that are abused as well – but there’s one woman out there that thinks it’s her fault and that she deserves to be treated that way, my message is you don’t deserve to be treated that way. You deserve to be safe and that, if it could happen to me, it could happen to you and it can happen to anyway.

So that was my reason for including it in the book, to say it could happen to Carole King. I had money, I had fame, I had a support system, I had family, but I just fell into it because that’s how it works.

Tavis: And you stayed, by your own admission, too long.

King: I stayed too long and, after you’re smacked up side the head and you stay? And in the book – I don’t want to talk about it here because it’s so complicated, but in the book, I outline why women stay and I’d always said I’d never stay with a man like that, I would leave in a New York minute. But I didn’t and the reasons are sort of outlined in the book. It’s very complex, but we do stay until we realize…

Tavis: One last question on that. If not release through your expression, which is songwriting, then, as you look back on it, write about it in the book, how did you navigate your way out of that? How did you navigate your way through it?

King: Oh, through is more complicated, but navigating out of it was – I came to a realization that it was time to go and I took my children and went away and, while I was away, he overdosed on drugs. So I was already on the way out. I finally came to the realization that this was detrimental.

Tavis: On to happier stuff.

King: On the happier stuff.

Tavis: On the happier stuff.

King: But I do hope people will read that who are in that situation and have the courage to know. I even put a little box in the book where to go to get help.

Tavis: Yeah. Happier times. You obviously know that I am a huge fan of yours and a huge fan of James Taylor and anywhere that Carole King and James Taylor appear, I’m there on the front row, as you know.

King: I know. I saw you.

Tavis: Happened to see me a thousand times on tour when you guys were out a couple years – you probably thought I was stalking you guys, you saw me so many times on tour. When I say James Taylor, you think what?

King: I think friend.

Tavis: Yeah.

King: I think a special connection musically that I’ve not experienced with a lot of people in the same way. And, again, I describe this in the book in such a lovely, wonderful way. I put myself back in the moment of playing with him for the first time. It’s the same whenever we come together again after years we don’t see each other, we don’t play, we might not speak, but here we are, hello, and that’s what happened in the “Troubadour” tour.

Tavis: I was there. I was at the Troubadour.

King: And before that, really, at the Troubadour Club in 2007, which we also have that out – Concord has that out.

Tavis: I was there too [laugh].

King: You were there for everything.

Tavis: Not for everything, but for this part I was.

King: You know what? I treasure it. I treasure that you were there. I treasure being part of that phenomenon. I’ve had a remarkable life. I seem to be in such good places at the right time. You know, if you were to ask me to sum my life up in one word, gratitude.

Tavis: Yeah. At the Troubadour Club, I’m there to see you and J.T. I’m sitting in my seat having a great time. I look to my right and I’m kind of bouncing and the person next to me is bouncing. I look over, it’s Jane Fonda [laugh]. It was just a surreal moment of bouncing next to Jane Fonda at the Troubadour.

To your point about gratitude, I was, again, fascinated near the end of the text. You spent a whole chapter basically talking about gratitude.

King: I do.

Tavis: And you highlight a number of persons whose work, whose gift, their gratitude being expressed through your philanthropy, through their charity. Strange, in a good way, but an interesting way to close a book. I’ve never seen a book where somebody spends a chapter just talking about gratitude and celebrating not her own philanthropy or charity, but the work of others. Interesting way to…

King: They inspire all of us. Paul Newman with his Hole in the Wall Gang Camps, Bono with his work to eliminate third world debt and, God knows, we all need debt eliminated. You know, just people committing themselves, people who take their fame and their success and spend time really working for a cause.

And my cause – you know, there are a million great causes. The cause you work on is dear to my heart as well, you know, eliminating poverty. But I live in the northern Rockies and, because I live there, I’m uniquely qualified to know how my neighbors see things and how it fits together as an ecosystem

And I found myself lobbying since 1990, I think, to protect the northern Rockies and I’ve made all these friends in Congress really on both sides of the aisle, people who care about the environment. And I just love the work because we haven’t gotten there yet, but just meeting all those people who really want to make a difference in that field is important to me.

Tavis: I’m not going to give out your home address, so don’t get scared.

King: Oh, it’s in the book, unfortunately [laugh], but, oh, well.

Tavis: [Laugh] You’ve lived – you had a home and spent a great deal of your time in Idaho, to your point, the northern Rockies in Idaho for about 33 years now, by my account. What has that space, or put another way, being away from the rat race, not being in New York, not being in L.A. except when you wanted to be, what has – my word, not yours – the solitude, I suspect, of being in that space done for your songwriting over these 33 years?

King: I think it can only have made it better.

Tavis: Yeah.

King: I think that I am stimulated to write by the turmoil of the city, by the confusion, by the problems, but I’m also nourished by the solitude, the closeness to big, vast nature. Big places, you know, when people say, “Oh, what does wilderness mean you’re starving?” I get that, I get that.

But I also think that doesn’t mean destroy the wilderness because it’s an important part. And when you’re not starving, you’re going to want to have a place to go and your kids and your grandkids are going to want to have a place to go.

So I see it as my responsibility, yes, to help take care of the problems that are going on in the city right now, big problems, and rurally as well, but to take care of that wilderness for future generations. We have to, we have to.

Tavis: The love you have given, though, is boundless and I’m always delighted to have you on this program. This is so unfair to have a life that is so rich and so full that you can’t even scratch the surface of it in a 30-minute conversation.

But, thankfully, there is a New York Times best-selling book out now that you can pick up. It’s called “A Natural Woman” – wonder how that became the title [laugh] – written by the one and only Carole King.

Along with the new book, there’s some new music out as well. It’s called “The Legendary Demos.” So the timing of all this is a beautiful thing. As I said, it’s on the New York Times best-seller list and who’s surprised by that? Not me.

King: And available in vinyl, may I add?

Tavis: I love this. I really do love this. It’s a throwback.

King: Thank you.

Tavis: And I love you.

King: I love you too.

Tavis: And I’m glad to have you on.

King: And thank you for your work. I really appreciate it.

Tavis: I’m glad to have you here. It’s a love fest. I just adore Carole King.

King: I know, isn’t it?

Tavis: That’s our show for tonight [laugh]. You can download our new app in the iTunes App Store. I’ll see you back here next time on PBS. Until then, goodnight from L.A., thanks for watching and, as always, keep the faith.

Announcer: For more information on today’s show, visit Tavis Smiley at PBS.org.

Wade Hunt: There’s a saying that Dr. King had that he said there’s always the right time to do the right thing. I just try to live my life every day by doing the right thing. We know that we’re only about halfway to completely eliminate hunger and we have a lot of work to do. Walmart committed $2 billion to fighting hunger in the U.S. As we work together, we could stamp hunger out.

Announcer: And by contributions to your PBS station from viewers like you. Thank you.

Last modified: January 25, 2014 at 11:41 pm