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Kofi Annan - Center of the Storm
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1960: UN intervenes in Congo.
1964: Peacekeepers sent to Cyprus.
1967: Six Day War erupts in Middle East.
1968: Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons signed


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1960
UN peacekeepers in the Congo Peacekeeping forces are sent to the Congo. United Nations Operations in the Congo -- known by its acronym in French, ONUC -- is established in July 1960 to ensure the withdrawal of the former colonial power, Belgium, and maintain law and order. The mission was deployed within 48 hours of the request from the Congolese government and at its peak included nearly 20,000 personnel. The mandate rapidly expanded to prevent civil war and the break-up of the country because of the internal political chaos in the Congo. The operation ended on June 30, 1960.

Learn more: UN ONUC
United Nations Operations in the Congo
1960
Largest increase in UN membership when 17 newly created countries join -- 16 are from Africa.

1960
Krushchev at the UN Soviet President Nikita Krushchev pounds his shoe on his desk at the UN and makes his famous proclamation, "We will bury you!"
1961
Dag Hammarskjöld dies in a plane crash while on mission to negotiate a cease-fire in the Congo.

Learn more: UN Dag Hammarskjöld: The UN Years
An overview of this pivotal Secretary-General's legacy
1961
U Thant U Thant of Burma (now Myanmar) is named Secretary-General.

Learn more: UN U Thant Biography
The official UN biography
1963
Security Council votes for a voluntary arms embargo against South Africa because of its policy of apartheid.

1964
Peacekeepers in Cyprus Peacekeepers sent to Cyprus. The UN Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) was set up in 1964 to prevent fighting between the Greek and Turkish communities on the island. Though outright hostilities ended in 1974, the mission remains to supervise the ceasefire, maintain a buffer zone and do humanitarian work. It is the UN's long running peace operation.

Learn more: UN UNFICYP
The UN Force in Cyprus

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