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Kofi Annan - Center of the Storm
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Timeline





1991: Persian Gulf War takes place
1991: El Salvador cease-fire negotiated
1992: Peacekeeping operations begin in Yugoslavia
1992: Rio Earth Summit held


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1990
Namibia gains independence after UN peacekeepers monitor South Africa's withdrawal. Elections follow the troop pull-out and the southwestern African country is hailed as the UN's first smooth success for the 1990s.

Learn more: UN UNTAG
UN Transition Assistance Group
1991
Tanks in the Gulf War Persian Gulf War begins with U.S. bombing of Baghdad with UN authorization. Saddam invades Kuwait in August 1990 and the Security Council immediately and unanimously condemns the aggression in an emergency meeting. Eleven resolutions follow, making the end of Iraqi aggression an international effort. When sanctions and diplomacy fail to make progress, the US uses force with UN authorization. Saddam's forces are quickly driven back, but he is left in power.

Learn more: NPR Frontline: The Gulf War
An in-depth look at the Gulf War.
1991
Angolans vote A peace accord is signed in Angola between the government and UNITA rebels, but hostilities continue. UNITA disputes the election results the UN has declared "free and fair" and resumes fighting. The UN stays on until 1999, when after the downing of several UN planes over UNITA territory and the total collapse of the peace process, the peacekeeping mission in Angola is terminated.

Learn more: UN MONUA
The UN's last peacekeeping mission in Angola

Learn more: NPR Morning Edition
Coverage of the civil war in Angola.
1991
President George Bush persuades the General Assembly to repeal resolution equating Zionism with racism. The 1975 resolution had helped turn American public opinion against the UN. The decision was repealed by a vote of 111 to 25, with 13 abstentions.
1991
El Salvador cease-fire negotiated. After meeting for almost two years with UN mediation, the Government of El Salvador and the rebel group, FMLN, sign a peace agreement at UN Headquarters at midnight, New Year's Eve 1991, ending the civil war that ravaged the country through the 1980s. The UN continues to provide humanitarian assistance for the natural disasters that wrack the country from 1998 to 2001.

Learn more: UN ONUSAL
UN Observer Mission in El Salvador

Learn more: PBS Enemies of War
Find out about the UN's role in ending El Salvador's civil war.
1992
Boutros Boutros-Ghali Boutros Boutros-Ghali of Egypt is appointed Secretary-General. After six months on the job, he issues "An Agenda for Peace," proposals to improve the UN's approach to preventive diplomacy, peacemaking, and peacekeeping.

Learn more: UN Boutros Boutros-Ghali
The official UN biography

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