Kofi Annan - Center of the Storm


1994: Rwanda genocide occurs.
1994: South Africa rejoins UN.
1995: Massacre in Srebrenica
1996: UNAIDS formed

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800,000 Rwandan Tutsis are massacred in 100 days. A cable sent to UN Headquarters warning the massacre was imminent is not acted on. The UN Security Council condemns the killing, but the resolution omits the word "genocide" which would have obliged the UN to act to "prevent and punish" the perpetrators. Burned by the recent debacle in Somalia, the U.S. shies away from involvement in Rwanda.

Learn more: PBS Frontline
An examination of the 1994 Rwanda genocide.
Mandela votes South Africa holds democratic elections and rejoins the UN. Peaceful UN-monitored elections are held over three days and Nelson Mandela is elected president. The Security Council lifts the arms embargo and on June 23 South Africa rejoins the General Assembly after a 24-year absence.

Learn more: UN Online NewsHour
An interview with Nelson Mandela, just five months after becoming President of South Africa.
Security Council sets up tribunal to prosecute perpetrators of the genocide in Rwanda.

Learn more: UN ICTR
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

Learn more: NPR All Things Considered
A 2000 update on the Rwanda war crimes trial.
UN monitors Mozambique's first multi-party elections. A UN-brokered peace accord ends 15 years of civil war and free elections are held. Mozambique becomes a model of peaceful reconciliation and economic stability, but the country suffers heavily from floods in 2000 and 2001 affecting nearly a quarter of the population.

Learn more: UN ONUMOZ
United Nations Operation in Mozambique
Fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations' founding
First UN War Crimes Tribunal on Yugoslavia held at The Hague.

Learn more: UN ICTY
United Nations War Crimes Tribunal at for the former Yugoslavia

Learn more: PBS Wide Angle: Media by Milosevic
Details about the war crimes case against Milosevic.
A woman from Srebrenica crying. As many as 20,000 Muslim men are massacred in the UN-controlled "safe area" of Srebrenica. In November 1999, when Annan is Secretary-General he issues an official report on the fall of Srebrenica that takes a hard-hitting and critical look at UN failures in the operation.

Learn more: UN Srebrenica Report
Kofi Annan's report to the General Assembly.

Learn more: PBS Srebrenica: Cry From the Grave
A look back at the atrocities committed in Srebrenica.

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