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July 15th, 2008
Birth of a Surgeon
Data: Mozambique and the U.N. Millennium Development Goals

In September 2000, 189 countries adopted the Millennium Declaration, a commitment by rich and poor nations alike to end extreme poverty around the world. Elements of the declaration were translated into a roadmap — the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) — that sets targets to be reached by 2015.

Below is a list of the MDGs that relate to health concerns, and a look at Mozambique’s progress.

GOAL: Reduce child mortality
Reduce the under-five mortality rate by 66% Under-five mortality rate
(per 1,000 live births)

1990: 235
2006: 138
Target: 108

Infant mortality rate (0-1 year, per 1,000 live births)
1997: 147
2006: 96
Target: 67

GOAL: Improve maternal health
Reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three-quarters Maternal mortality ratio (number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births)
2005: 520
Target: 250

Percentage of births attended by skilled health personnel
1997: 44.2%
2006: 48%

GOAL: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Stop and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS HIV prevalence among pregnant women aged 15-24 years
2002: 14.7%
2003: 12.9%
Stop and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases Prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
2001: 9.7%
2003: 11%
Target: 6.0%

Prevalence and death rates associated with malaria
2001: 7.0%
Target: 3.5%

GOAL: Ensure environmental sustainability
Halve the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking-water and sanitation Percentage of population with using an improved water source, urban and rural
2001: 37.1%
2004: 43%
Target: 70%
Achieve a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers by 2020 Percentage of population using adequate sanitation facilities, urban and rural
2004: 32%
Target: 60%
GOAL: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Reduce the proportion of people who suffer from hunger by 50% Prevalence of underweight children under five years of age
2001: 26%
2003: 23.7%
Target: 17%

Sources: Report on the Millennium Development Goals: Mozambique 2005 (pdf), The State of the World’s Children 2008: Child Survival (UNICEF)

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