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July 8th, 2000
Japan's About-Face
Data: Global Military Expenditures


“Military expenditure” covers all expenditure on: the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies involved in defense projects; paramilitary forces that are trained, equipped and available for military operations; and military space activities.


The top 20 countries ranked by global military expenditure in 2007, in millions of constant 2005 US dollars

Top 20 military spenders, 2007

In 2006 Chinese military spending surpassed that of Japan for the first time, while as late as 1999, Chinese military spending was only half of that of Japan. (Source: www.sipri.org)

Global military expenditures for select countries in 2006, as percentage of gross domestic product (GDP)

Global military expenditures as percentage of GDP, 2006

While the U.S. spends 4% of its GDP on its military, Japan’s spending has only recently surpassed 1% of its GDP.


Here is the rest of the world, ranked by military expenditure in millions of USD in 2006.

COUNTRYMilitary expenditure as percentage of GDPMilitary expenditure in millions of constant 2005 US dollars
Iran4.67,677
Syria5.17,328
Poland26,506
Singapore4.75,862
Sweden1.55,435
Colombia45,240
North Koreana5,217**
Chile3.64,851
Norway1.54,826
Pakistan3.24,465
Belgium1.14,197
South Africa1.53,978
Kuwait4 *3,909 *
Oman11.23,905
Indonesia1.3 *3,802 *
Denmark1.43,792
Portugal1.9 *3,660 *
Mexico0.43,262
Switzerland0.83,157
Malaysia2.23,054
Algeria2.72,992
Finland1.42,793
Iraq7.8 *2,783 *
Ukraine2.82,699
Egypt2.72,674
Austria0.82,580
Czech Republic1.72,253
Thailand1.1 *2,060 *
Morocco3.72,049
Romania1.82,036
Venezuela1.21,884
Argentina0.91,776
Hungary1.21,340
Peru1.31,193
New Zealand1.11,177
Ireland0.51,135
Lebanon4.6 *999 *
Ecuador2.3922
Philippines0.9880
Slovakia1.7835
Croatia1.9793
Yemen, Arab Republic4.3715
Sri Lanka2.9713
Nigeria0.6703
Kazakhstan1693
Bangladesh1684
Bulgaria2.3663
Jordan5660
Azerbaijan3.6625
Slovenia1.6589
Belarus1.7588
Libya1.1568
Bahrain3.5528
Tunisia1.4423
Georgia5.2362
Latvia1.8342
Lithuania1.2338
Luxembourg0.8 *319 *
Kenya1.6313
Botswana2.7290
Ethiopia2.1263
Brunei Darussalam3.5 *260 *
Côte d’Ivoire1.5259
Estonia1.6251
Cameroon1.4242
Cyprus1.4239
Uruguay1.3219
Namibia3.1202
Uganda2196
Dominican Republic0.5194
Bosnia and Herzegovina1.7165
Armenia2.8157
Bolivia1.4149
Tanzania1.1149
Senegal1.6144
Nepal1.7 *143 *
Congo, Democratic Republic of the1.9 *142 *
Guatemala0.4137
Albania1.6135
Zambia1.7135
Mali2.2129
Macedonia2121
Afghanistan1.5119
El Salvador0.6110
Zimbabwe1.9 *107 *
Gabon1.1106
Kyrgyzstan3.283.3
Congo, Republic of1.280.8
Mauritania377.3
Cambodia1.176.5
Jamaica0.770.6
Ghana0.669
Burkina Faso1.268.7
Paraguay0.863.7
Mozambique0.855.9
Chad0.954.2
Honduras0.652.4
Madagascar152.1
Rwanda1.949.7
Bahamas0.847.1
Benin1 *46.8 *
Fiji1.442.7
Malta0.742.6
Burundi4.741.4
Malawi1.7 *38.9 *
Mongolia1.536.5
Lesotho2.435.4
Nicaragua0.733.4
Papua New Guinea0.529.4
Sierra Leone2.1 *26.4 *
Barbados0.8 *24.6 *
Seychelles1.914.6
Mauritius0.210.7
Cape Verde0.66.7
Liberia0.8 *4.6 *
Tonga1.43.3
Iceland00
Angola3.7 *na
Costa Rica0na
2006 data for Belize, Central African Republic, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Niger, Panama, Qatar, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, and Yugoslavia is unavailable.
* denotes estimated totals
** from CIA World Factbook, 2005
All other information from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) (http://milexdata.sipri.org/)
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