Visit Your Local PBS Station PBS Home PBS Home Programs A-Z TV Schedules Watch Video Donate Shop PBS Search PBS
August 22nd, 2006
Turkey's Tigers
Timeline: Ataturk to Today
Important events in 20th century Turkey.

From the late thirteenth century until 1922, Turkey was the heart of the Ottoman Empire, encompassing much of the Middle East, North Africa, and southeastern Europe.

1919 Following the end of WWI, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk — the “Father of the Turks” — leads a military uprising against the occupying Inter-Allied Commission in what is known as the Turkish War of Independence.
1920 Turkish revolutionaries under Ataturk’s leadership form a parliament and declare Turkish sovereignty.
1922 The Sultanate is abolished, marking the official end of the Ottoman empire. Sultan Mehmed VI Vahdettin leaves the country.
1923 On October 29, Ataturk proclaims the Turkish Republic, and the westernization of Turkey begins.
1928 Turkey officially becomes a secular state.
1934 Turkish women are granted the right to vote.
1945 Turkey joins the United Nations.
1952 Turkey becomes a member of NATO.
1960 The Turkish Armed Forces stage a coup d’etat. Military rules lasts until 1961.
1964 Turkey becomes an associate member of the European Community.
1971 After three years of political violence, the Turkish government is overturned by a coup.
1974 The Turkish military intervenes after Greece sponsors a coup on the island country of Cyprus. Today, Turkey continues to occupy more than a third of Cyprus.
1975 The U.S. freezes its aid to Turkey due to its occupation of Cyprus.
1980 General Kanan Evren leads a military coup. Three years of military government rule follow.
1982 A new constitution of Turkey, modeled on the French Constitution, is enacted, making Turkey a secular republic. The constitution also provides for a strong president (elected for a seven-year term) who appoints the prime minister and who can dismiss parliament.
1984 The Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) begins a bloody insurgency, fighting the Turkish army for an independent Kurdish state. The war lasts 15 years and claims more than 30,000 lives.
1993 Tansu Ciller becomes Turkey’s first female prime minister.
1994 The Islamic Welfare Party sweeps mayoral races across the country.
1997 A “post-modern” military coup removes Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan and his Welfare Party government from power.
Dec. 16, 2004 TA massive earthquake strikes Turkey. More than 15,000 people die, and another 40,000 are injured.
2001 Turkey experiences a banking collapse and a devaluation of its currency.
2002 The Justice and Development Party, with its roots in the Islamist Welfare Party comes to power. Tayyip Erdogan, a former mayor of Istanbul, who was jailed for four months in 1998 for reciting a religious poem, becomes Turkey’s prime minister and concentrates on Turkey’s bid for full E.U. membership.
2005 A Turkish court ruling upholds restrictions on the wearing of headscarves in and around public schools.
2005 In response to his remarks about the Armenian genocide of 1915-1917, Turkish writer Orhan Pamuk is charged, ex post facto, with violating a new law making it an imprisonable offense to “publicly denigrate Turkish identity.” After an international outcry, charges against Pamuk were dropped in early 2006.
2006 Turkish lawyer Alpaslan Aslan is charged in the shooting of 5 judges, which resulted in the death of one. Prosecutors claim that Aslan was protesting a controversial ruling which denied promotion to a public school teacher due to her wearing of a religious head scarf.

Sources: : CIA World Factbook; NEW YORK TIMES; ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA online; NEWSWEEK; JURIST; THE NEW YORKER; BBC; TURKEY UNVEILED: A HISTORY OF MODERN TURKEY by Nicole and Hugh Pope.

Tags:
  • Yuksel Oktay

    1. The massive earthquake where more than 15,000 died occurred in 1999, not 2004.
    2. I am sure more important events took plcae in 2005 besides Orhan Pamuk’s making a remark about the Armenians and the Kurds.

  • maggie

    In response to Yuksel’s #2, it is a VERY important event as the events taking place from 1915-1917 were not noted!

Produced by THIRTEEN    ©2014 WNET.ORG Properties LLC. All rights reserved.