Grade Level: 9
Time Allotment: Two to Three 45-Minute Class Periods
Subject Matter: Economics, History, and English
Identify the six economic functions of government.
Organize examples of government actions and policies within various economic functions.
Understand the history of Rwanda.
Describe the genocide that took place in 1994.
Identify steps being taken to improve the economy of Rwanda including increasing education, investing in human capital, and diversifying resource base
National Council on Economic Education
- Standard 3: Allocation of Goods and Services
Different methods can be used to allocate goods and services. People acting individually or collectively through government, must choose which methods to use to allocate different kinds of goods and services.
- People in all economies must address three questions: What goods and services will be produced? How will these goods and services be produced? Who will consume them?
- National economies vary in the extent to which they rely on government directives (central planning) and signals from private markets (prices) to allocate scarce goods, services, and productive resources.
- Standard 15: Growth
Investment in factories, machinery, new technology, and in the health, education, and training of people can raise future standards of living.
- When workers learn and practice new skills they are improving their human capital.
- Workers can improve their productivity by improving their human capital.
- Workers can improve their productivity by using physical capital such as tools and machinery.
- Standards of living increase as the productivity of labor improves.
- Productivity is measured by dividing output (goods and services) by the number of inputs used to produce the output. A change in productivity is a change in output relative to input.
- Technological change is an advance in knowledge leading to new and improved goods and services and better ways of producing them.
- Increases in productivity result from advances in technology and other sources.
National Council of Teachers of English
- Students conduct research on issues and interests by generating ideas and questions, and by posing problems. They gather, evaluate, and synthesize data from a variety of sources (e.g., print and non-print texts, artifacts, people) to communicate their discoveries in ways that suit their purpose and audience.
- Students develop an understanding of and respect for diversity in language use, patterns, and dialects across cultures, ethnic groups, geographic regions, and social roles.
National Standards for History
- Standard 2C
The student understands how liberal democracy, market economies, and human rights movements have reshaped political and social life.