Since April 1994, seven months after the 1993 Oslo accords were signed by Israel and the Palestinian Delegation, Palestinian terrorists have killed hundreds of Israelis in dozens of suicide bombings. Nearly all of these attacks have occurred within Israel proper, and the vast majority of the victims have been civilians. A number of groups have arranged suicide missions, most notably Hamas, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, and Al-Aqsa Martyr Brigades — the military wing of Yasser Arafat’s Fatah movement. Despite some periods of relative calm in the mid and late 1990s, recent years have seen a spike in violence, especially since the beginning of the second intifada in September 2000. The deadliest month to date was March 2002, when approximately 70 Israeli civilians were killed in suicide attacks alone.