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1890-1920
Rising Asian Nationalisms at home in America

Three first generation Asian communities - Chinese, Asian Indian, and Korean - home based and nurtured in America, are ideologically inspired by nationalisms in their countries of origin.

SUN YAT SEN, who will eventually lead his countrymen to overthrow China’s Imperial system, becomes the founding father of China’s first Republic. He is fatefully influenced by growing up and being educated from teenage years into adulthood in Hawaii. His Revolutionary Party, Xingzhonghui, is founded in Honolulu, Hawaii in 1894. In the victory of the Chinese Revolution in 1911, Chinese men cut off their queues, a symbol of loyalty required by the Manchus.

1913, ASIAN INDIANS also found their revolutionary Gadar Party ("Party of Rebellion"), on America soil, on the Pacific coast, home based in San Francisco and Stockton, California. Indian political activists in San Francisco publish their weekly newspaper, the Hindustan Gadar.

California Sikh farmers, convinced that they will never enjoy dignity outside of India so long as India is humiliated by British oppression, set down their hoes and sail homeward to engage in armed struggle against the British, accepting the gamble and sacrifice of facing insurmountable odds. Some will be arrested upon arrival in India and jailed or executed; others will return to their villages and become a progressive force there. All are remembered and enduringly honored by Sikhs worldwide for what the community considers their exemplary idealism and sacrifice.

1919 Koreans in Hawaii and California fervently support the Korean independence movement to throw off Korea’s domination by Japan. Especially notable is the activist nationalism of Korean women. Not only in the women’s exercise of household thrift, setting aside small savings for remittances to the revolution, but also in their organization, such as the Korean Women's Patriotic League in California and Korean Women's Relief Society of Hawaii.