Daring to Resist

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Dutch resistance worker listens to radio

teacher's guide

These definitions are provided to help viewers, students and teachers understand how the filmmakers use the following terms.

Prejudice or discrimination against Jews. Auschwitz-Birkenau The largest Nazi death camp, where 1.4 million people were killed between 1942 and 1945. The vast majority were Jews; others murdered in large numbers included Catholics, Gypsies and Soviet prisoners of war. Four hundred thirty thousand Hungarian Jews were killed there in 1944, the year Shula was imprisoned there.

A period of time, usually in the evening, when the inhabitants of a city or town are required to be in their homes.

Death Camp
One of six camps — Auschwitz-Birkenau, Majdanek, Chelmno, Sobibor, Belzec and Treblinka — that served as a center for killing Jewish and non-Jewish prisoners. Upon arrival there prisoners were chosen either to live or die in gas chambers. Some were selected for slave labor, although most of these people also died from lack of adequate food, clothing and shelter, or a result of mistreatment and disease.

Displaced Person
A person living in a foreign country who has been driven from his or her homeland by war.

A section of a city where the Nazis forced all Jews to live. A ghetto was often sealed off with walls, barbed wire and armed guards, preventing people from entering or leaving.

An abbreviation of the term for the National Socialist political party , a political party headed by Adolf Hitler from 1921 to 1945. The Nazi party ideology was strongly anticommunist, anti-Semitic, racist, nationalistic, imperialistic and militaristic.

A member of a resistance group operating within enemy lines using hit-and-run guerrilla tactics against occupying Germans. Some partisan brigades (like Faye's) were affiliated with the Soviet Union.

Identity Papers
Documents indicating nationality, address and religion. All people living in Nazi-controlled countries were required to carry them. Identity papers carried by Jews usually had a large red "J" on them so that a person could easily be recognized as Jewish.

The moment when advancing Allied armies (from the United States, Britain and Canada in the West and the Soviet Red Army in the East) conquered German-occupied territory, ending Nazi control and freeing prisoners from concentration and death camps.

The region of the Middle East administered by Britain from 1918 to 1948, Many Jews migrated here beginning in the late 1800s to escape persecution in Europe and hoping to create a Jewish state where ancient Israel once existed. The modern state of Israel was established in Palestine in 1948 following a period of conflict, crisis and war.

Public Ledger
A public record of where every person lived. In many European countries a person's religion was indicated in the ledgers.

Transit Camp
A temporary camp where Jews and other prisoners who had been rounded up by the Nazis were taken. From here they were sent either to a death camp or to a labor camp where they were forced to work for the Nazi war effort.

An organized group acting to oppose a government or occupying force. When Barbara "went underground" she took on the identity of a Christian, with new identity papers, a new name and a new address.

The movement dedicated to establishing a Jewish homeland in Palestine.


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