The Great Playwrights of Athens' 'Golden Age'

The Great Playwrights of Athens' 'Golden Age' Double bust of Sophocles & Aristophanes in the Louvre, Paris

Aeschylus, the father of Greek tragedy, died in 456 BC, relatively early in Pericles' long career as Athens' leading politician. He left a number of important plays that still survive today, including The Persians and The Oresteia.

His mantle was taken up by the playwrights Sophocles, who wrote Antigone, Oedipus at Colonus, and Oedipus Rex; and Euripides, who wrote The Trojan Trilogy, of which only The Trojan Women survives, as well as two other important plays about the roles of women: The Phoenician Women and The Bacchae.

The leading comic author of Athens, Aristophanes, did not produce his first play until 427 BC, two years after Pericles' death. He specialized in what we would call political satire, and of his eleven surviving plays Lysistrata, The Acharnians, and The Clouds are the most famous.

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Drama / Theatre
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