Who Was P.L. Travers, Mary Poppins Author? | History Kitchen | PBS Food

Who Was P.L. Travers, Author of Mary Poppins?

On her website ToriAvey.com, Tori Avey explores the story behind the food – why we eat what we eat, how the recipes of different cultures have evolved, and how yesterday’s recipes can inspire us in the kitchen today. Learn more about Tori and The History Kitchen.

Mary Poppins Zodiac Cake recipe

Many unsavory claims have been made about Mary Poppins author P.L. Travers. It is said that she was not fond of children. She supposedly despised cookies and California. She loathed the Disney film adaptation of her beloved Mary Poppins so much that her will forbade the possibility of a sequel ever being made. There are several tales like these, yet it seems impossible that someone so persnickety could be capable of writing such a magical children’s book series. Granted, the character of Mary Poppins in the novels is quite different than the nanny depicted by Julie Andrews. Even so, children have been enchanted with Travers’ writing for decades. Just who was P.L. Travers, and was she really as cantankerous as we’ve been led to believe?

P.L. Travers, author of Mary Poppins
A beautiful young P.L. Travers as Titania in A Midsummer Night’s Dream c. 1920, photographer unknown. Source: Wikimedia Commons

Born Helen Lyndon Goff in Australia in 1899, P.L. Travers led a life cloaked in mystery. Even after her death in 1996, the details of her past were unclear. An obituary in the Guardian stated that she was the granddaughter of the premier of Queensland; another in the New York Times described her as the daughter of a sugar planter. While neither of these details are exactly true, we can hardly blame the writers for poor fact checking. Travers had a tendency to bend her life story and make it more attractive, a trait she likely inherited from her father, Travers Robert Goff. He also liked to reinvent his life story; not even his wife was privy to the truth about his past. Goff was a heavy drinker. He spent many evenings spinning stories of a fairytale-like childhood spent in Ireland, though he was actually born in England. Lyndon, as P.L.’s family called her, would spend her life chasing her father’s fantasies. Eventually his myths melded with her own version of the truth to create a personal history that was part reality, part fiction. In her early twenties Lyndon pursued an acting career, changing her name to Pamela and adopting her father’s first name as her last—Pamela Lyndon Travers. It sounded more romantic, more melodic. She later moved to London as a journalist, adopting the pen name P.L. Travers. Further veils were cast, blurring the truth of her history as Pamela invented a new life that seemed much more exciting.

Pamela’s father Travers Robert Goff was a bank manager that had been demoted to bank clerk, though if you asked Pamela she would likely tell you that he oversaw a sugar plantation in Australia while donning a white suit and matching hat. Goff’s true career served as the inspiration for Mr. Banks, the patriarch of the Mary Poppins series. Though her father’s actual position was somewhat unimpressive, Pamela’s mother, Margaret Morehead, came from a wealthy and influential Australian family (she was, in fact, the niece of the Premier of Queensland, so the Guardian wasn’t entirely off base). Pamela’s parents often traveled, leaving her behind with her Aunt Ellie. The loneliness she felt at being apart from her parents fueled her imagination; her stories helped to keep her company. From the age of 4 she liked to imagine herself as a brooding hen, and would often sit with her arms folded tightly around her body. This practice would later translate to her writing process, which she felt required a great deal of “brooding” or pondering.

Pamela has often been quoted as saying, in one way or another, that Mary Poppins was family. This was symbolically true, as she drew quite a bit of inspiration from her own life when writing the books. Several of Mary Poppins’ quotes, such as “anything worth doing is worth doing well,” came directly from Pamela’s mother. The mannerisms and attitude of Mary Poppins drew heavily from Pamela’s Aunt Ellie, who was stern but warm hearted. Bits of Aunt Ellie could also be found in several other Mary Poppins characters, including the Banks’ neighbor Miss Lark and Mr. Banks’ own nanny, Miss Andrew. When Aunt Ellie passed, she left her most prized possessions to her family and friends. The list of items reads like the contents of Mary Poppins’ magical bag, from a candelabra to a traveling clock.

There are many misconceptions about P.L. Travers; this was partly her own doing. She chose to rewrite her own history, making it somewhat impossible to know the real Pamela—or Lyndon, as she was called in childhood. When you begin to peel back the many layers of her story, you find a woman with a colorful imagination who was the product of a strange, stern and sometimes lonely upbringing. No doubt she was frequently a difficult and even unpleasant person, however the broad strokes often used to describe her personality are not completely fair. Did she despise cookies? Perhaps, and yet she included an oatmeal cookie recipe in a cookbook she wrote (more on that below). Was she anti-California? Probably, and yet I can’t help but think her distaste for the state was mostly due to Hollywood-based Walt Disney adapting her beloved books for film. As for disliking children, in 1939 she adopted a baby boy named Camillus (one of twin boys from Ireland) who she raised as her own son. In a 1982 interview with the Paris Review, Travers also expressed gratitude to children for including her books “in their treasure trove.” So she must have liked children a little. At the very least she appreciated them.

Mary Poppins Zodiac Cake

I recently stumbled upon a short cookbook written by P.L. Travers. Mary Poppins in the Kitchen: A Cookbook with a Story, first published in 1975, takes place over the course of a week. Mary Poppins and the Banks children, along with several characters from the series, take over the kitchen and create dishes beginning with every letter of the alphabet.

“All that is or was or will be happens between A and Z,” says Mary Poppins. “And that includes this cookery book.”

A recipe for chocolate Zodiac Cake “decorated with silver stars” stood out above the rest. It produces a simple, thin, nutty cake—a short single layer, with delicate slices just right for serving with tea. I used hazelnuts in the batter, however other nuts can be substituted. The cake was a little on the dry side, so I topped it with a chocolate cream cheese frosting which improved it immensely—and of course, I decorated it with silver stars, just as Mary Poppins would do!

Mary Poppins Zodiac Cake

You can uncover more fascinating food history on Tori’s website: The History Kitchen.

Mary Poppins Zodiac Cake

Mary Poppins Zodiac Cake recipe

Adapted from Mary Poppins in the Kitchen by P.L. Travers



  • Cake Ingredients:
  • 2 squares semi-sweet chocolate
  • 1 large egg, separated
  • 1 1/2 cups all purpose flour
  • 3/4 cup milk
  • 3/4 cup sugar
  • 1/2 cup ground nuts (walnuts, pecans or hazelnuts - I used hazelnuts)
  • 1/4 cup butter
  • 2 tsp baking powder
  • 1 tsp vanilla extract
  • 1/4 tsp salt
  • Silver sprinkles (optional)
  • Chocolate Frosting Ingredients:
  • 2 1/2 cups powdered sugar
  • 1/2 cup unsweetened cocoa powder
  • 5 tbsp unsalted butter, room temperature
  • 4 oz. cream cheese, room temperature
  • 3 ½ - 4 tbsp milk
  • 1 tsp vanilla extract
  • Pinch of salt


  1. Preheat the oven to 375 degrees F. Grease the cake pan with butter and flour it. Shake out the excess flour. You can also use non-stick cooking spray if you’d prefer.
  2. Melt the chocolate in a small bowl standing in hot water. This can also be done in the microwave by heating the chocolate in 15 second intervals, stirring in between.
  3. Sift together the flour, baking powder and salt and set aside. In a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment, beat together the butter and sugar till well combined. Add the egg yolk and beat harder. Add the melted chocolate and ground nuts and mix until just combined. Stir the vanilla into the milk. Add some of the flour mixture to the chocolate mixture. Pour in some of the milk mixture, a little more flour and then some more milk, till both have been used up. Beat very thoroughly.
  4. In a separate mixing bowl, beat the egg white till stiff. Fold gently into the batter. Pour batter into prepared pan. Bake for 25 -30 minutes, or until a cake tester inserted into the center comes out clean. Do not overbake or it will become dry.
  5. To make chocolate frosting: In a medium bowl, sift together the confectioners' sugar and cocoa, set aside. In a standing mixer fit with the paddle attachment, cream butter until smooth, then beat in the cream cheese. Blend in vanilla. Gradually beat in sugar mixture alternately with milk, starting with 3 ½ tbsp of milk. Beat until light, fluffy and spreadable. If necessary, adjust consistency with more milk or sugar.
  6. Once your cake has cooled, you can frost it. Start by placing the frosting onto the center of the cake and spreading evenly outward. I prefer to do this with a flat butter knife, while others prefer a spatula. Use whichever utensil you're most comfortable with.
  7. Once your cake has been frosted, it's time to decorate! Mary Poppins decorates this cake with silver stars. I did this by using a star cookie cutter and some silver sprinkles. Set the cookie cutter onto the frosting, wherever you'd like. Then fill in by spooning in the sprinkles with a small measuring spoon. Gently lift the cookie cutter away and you'll be left with a perfect silver star shape. Decorate your cake with as many stars as you'd like. Serve with tea or coffee. Due to the milk and cream cheese in the frosting, if you do not plan to eat your cake within 3 hours, refrigerate to prevent spoilage.


You will also need: Mixing bowls, stand mixer, hand mixer, sifter, 10-11 inch round cake pan, mixing bowls, nonstick cooking spray, star cookie cutter (optional)

Cook Time: 25-30 Minutes

Yield: One 10-11 inch round, single layer cake


Research Sources

Burness, Edwina, and Jerry Griswold. “P. L. Travers, The Art of Fiction No. 63.” The Paris Review. The Paris Review, 1982. Web. 10 Dec. 2013.

Lawson, Valerie. Mary Poppins She Wrote: The Life of P.L. Travers, Creator of Mary Poppins. Sydney: Hachette Australia, 2010.

Travers, P. L., Maurice Moore-Betty, and Mary Shepard. Mary Poppins in the Kitchen: A Cookery Book with a Story. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975.

Meet the Author

Tori Avey is a food writer, recipe developer, and the creator of ToriAvey.com. She explores the story behind the food – why we eat what we eat, how the foods of different cultures have evolved, and how yesterday’s food can inspire us in the kitchen today. Tori’s food writing and photography have appeared on the websites of CNN, Bon Appetit, Zabar’s, Williams-Sonoma, Yahoo Shine, LA Weekly and The Huffington Post. Follow Tori on Facebook: Tori Avey, Twitter: @toriavey, or Google+.

More Mary Poppins from PBS

Mary Poppins on Antiques RoadshowOriginal Mary Poppins on Antiques Roadshow
In Vintage Louisville, Antiques Roadshow appraises an inscribed first edition “Mary Poppins.”

Mary Poppins ComposersChicago Tonight: From Screen to Stage
Academy Award-winning composer Richard Sherman the music he wrote with his brother for the 1964 Disney film. Joining him are the English composers George Stiles and Anthony Drewe, who created new songs for the stage adaptation.

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