The original inhabitants of the southern tip of Africa were Bushmen and Hottentots — mostly hunter-gatherers organized into tribes. It was not until the 17th century, when explorers from the Dutch East Indies landed at the Cape of Good Hope that the wheels were set in motion for a collision between cultures that caused a global political and economic paroxysm lasting throughout the 20th century. As Dutch and British colonies joined together to create an enormous state at the foot of the continent, a conflict between the haves and have-nots, the few versus the many, the whites versus the non-whites, was as inevitable as any great revolution in the name of liberty.
This timeline is just a small explication of the events that defined the era of apartheid and the worldwide movement to abolish it.
Click on an event to learn more.
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