The Film | Rob Williams | Protest Music | Civil Rights | Books | Sources
NEGROES WITH GUNS: Rob Williams and Black Power Filmmaker Web Site
Visit the filmmakers’ Web site to read production notes about the making of NEGROES WITH GUNS and find out more about The Documentary Institute at the University of Florida.
Rob Williams and the Vietnam War
Explore Rob Williams’ views on American domestic and foreign policy in this “virtual library of African-American involvement in the Vietnam War.” The Rob Williams section includes a political cartoon from his pamphlet The Crusader and poems by Langston Hughes written for Williams as a New Year’s greeting.
People With Strength: The Story of Monroe, North Carolina
Read the text of a 1962 pamphlet published by radical journalist Truman Nelson about the events in Monroe, North Carolina leading up to Rob Williams’ exile. The site includes a link to the pamphlet’s original cover art and a hand-drawn map of Monroe, North Carolina.
PBS: Independent Lens: STRANGE FRUIT: Protest Music
Find out about the history of American protest music from slavery to today. Read music lyrics, listen to audio excerpts and browse a timeline to learn about the role music played during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.
The Smithsonian Folkways Recordings: Sing for Freedom: The Story of the Civil Rights Movement Through Its Songs
Listen to clips from The Smithsonian’s “moving civil rights collection” of hymns, speeches, spirituals, gospel songs and prayers drawn from 1960s field recordings in Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi and Tennessee.
Civil Rights: Violence and Non-Violence
PBS: POV: A Panther In Africa
This companion Web site for the PBS documentary includes a history of The Black Panther party, a photo gallery and interviews with former Black Panthers about how their work with the party has evolved since the 1970s.
NPR: Fresh Air: Get On the Bus: The Freedom Riders of 1961
Listen to a January 2006 interview with Raymond Arsenault, author of Freedom Riders: 1961 and the Struggle for Racial Justice. The book details how volunteers—both black and white—traveled to Mississippi and Alabama to fight segregation in transit systems. The site includes photographs of the Freedom Riders and an excerpt from the book.
PBS: The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow
Read more about the Jim Crow era at this companion site to a PBS series that explores segregation and the South. Browse through interactive maps to find historic information on Jim Crow laws, population and migration, lynching and more.
PBS: Independent Lens: FEBRUARY ONE: The Story of the Greensboro Four
This companion Web site for this Independent Lens documentary looks at the lives of four African American college freshmen who changed the course of American history when they sat at a “whites only” Woolworth's lunch counter in North Carolina. Meet the Greensboro Four today, read about the philosophy of non-violence, and learn more about Emmit Till, the Chicago teenager whose murder inspired the Greensboro Four to take action.
PBS: African American World: Civil Rights Timeline
This comprehensive guide to African American history, politics, arts and culture includes a detailed timeline of key events and people in the Civil Rights Movement. Listen to excerpts from various NPR programs to get more in-depth information.
The Library of Congress: The African American Odyssey
Explore this online exhibit from the Library of Congress that delves into the library’s vast collection of documents on the Civil Rights Movement.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Learn more about this organization that works to insure the political, educational, social and economic equality of minority groups and citizens.
Negroes With Guns
by Rob Williams
(Wayne State University Press, 1998)
Rob Williams’ manifesto, first published in 1962, is the story of a southern black community's struggle to arm itself in self-defense against the Ku Klux Klan and other racist groups.
Radio Free Dixie: Robert F. Williams & the Roots of Black Power
by Timothy B. Tyson
(University of North Carolina Press, 2001)
The quintessential biography, written with the cooperation of the Williams family, tells the story of Rob Williams’ life and his role as a groundbreaking Civil Rights activist. Tyson appears as a source in NEGROES WITH GUNS.
Satchmo Blows Up the World: Jazz Ambassadors Play the Cold War
by Penny M. Von Eschen
(Harvard University Press, 2004)
Find out how the U.S. State Department used jazz as a propaganda tool during the cold war era.
Black Power: The Politics of Liberation
by Charles Hamilton, Kwame Ture and Stokely Carmichael
(Vintage reissue, 1992)
In 1967, this revolutionary work exposed the depths of systemic racism in the United States and provided a radical political framework for reform.
The Making of Black Revolutionaries
by James Forman
(University of Washington Press; Illustrate edition, 1997)
In this autobiographical book, James Forman, who appears as a source in NEGROES WITH GUNS, details his role as the leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), founded in Raleigh, North Carolina. The organization played a role in the Freedom Rides and the 1963 March on Washington, among other key moments in the Civil Rights Movement.
The Eyes on the Prize Civil Rights Reader: Documents, Speeches, and Firsthand Accounts from the Black Freedom Struggle
by D. Clar and editors David J. Garrow, Gerald Gill, Vincent Harding and Clayborne Carson
(Penguin, Reprint edition, 1991)
One of several companion texts to the 14-part PBS series Eyes on the Prize, with over 100 court decisions, speeches, interviews and other documents on the Civil Rights Movement from 1954 to 1990.