The fast food strike: the hard facts behind the Big Mac attack
As part of his series about Seattle's fight to increase the minimum wage to $15 an hour, Paul Solman speaks to low-wage workers who rely on public assistance to make ends meet for their families.
At $9.85 an hour, 25-year-old Terran Lyons supports herself and two kids as a crew trainer at a McDonald's in Seattle's university district. That's a jump from the $9.19 an hour the high school dropout got when she started, and a step above the state's $9.32 minimum wage.
But it's hardly enough to be self-sufficient. Lyons is on food stamps. She wouldn't even be able to afford a Big Mac if it weren't for the 50 percent employee discount.
Fast food CEOs in 2013, meanwhile, were compensated an average of $23.8 million. Based on 2012 figures, CEO compensation in the industry exceeds what workers earn by 1,200 times, according to a report from the Demos Institute.
Forget that disparity. To simply be able to live independent of any public or private assistance, Lyons would need to earn $27 an hour, according to the University of Washington's Diana Pearce, who created the Self-Sufficiency Standard.
McDonald's own "McResource" website for employees, which no longer exists online, advised employees in their sample budget to find a second job to make ends meet. More than half of all fast food workers receive public assistance of various kinds, which costs taxpayers $7 billion, according to researchers at University of California, Berkeley's Labor Center.
Lyons isn't asking for $27 an hour. She told us she could live better on even $12 an hour.
A reasonable rate, labor organizers think, is $15 an hour. Fast-food workers in 150 cities across America and in 33 countries were scheduled to strike for that higher minimum wage and the right to join a union without retaliation Thursday.
It's not their first strike. Two hundred workers from 60 Burger Kings, Taco Bells, Wendy's and McDonald's chains walked off the job in New York City in November 2012, and walk-outs organized by Fast Food Forward, which is financed by Service Employees International Union, spread across the country last December.
Fast Food Forward announced Thursday's strike outside a New York City McDonald's on Wednesday. Those golden arches have become a prime target for the left's fight for a higher minimum wage, captured in the scathing "Mockumentary" produced by the Agenda Project, a liberal public relations firm best-known for the 2012 "Granny off the Cliff" video.
McDonald's has done an excellent job of branding themselves as America's caterer, Agenda Project President Erica Payne says, noting their Olympic sponsorship and the all-American-sounding "happy" and "family" meals. It's that image that Payne and her team wanted to go after in their video villainizing Ronald McDonald for running over — in the video, quite literally — America's fast-food workers.
McDonald's hauls in more than ten times the revenue of its nearest fast food competitors, according to Demos. And they're the loudest opponent of raising the minimum wage, says Payne, because they say they can't make money if they pay workers any more.
"They are lying to the American people and lawmakers about their ability to sustain their business model in the face of higher wages," Payne tells the NewsHour.
Indeed, the New York Times reports that getting international workers to participate in May 15's strike, organizers hope, will bring attention to fast food franchises overseas, which for corporations like McDonald's, have become an important source of revenue while fast food consumption in the U.S. has slowed.
So when McDonald's paid their CEO $7,726,977 in total compensation last year, why do they need to pay their workers so little?
The corporation likes to highlight that about 80 percent of its restaurants across the world are owned by franchisees. (The mom-and-pop operations the Agenda Project mocks for making over $200,000 a year). In recent months, some of these franchise owners have reinforced the negative publicity around the company, with one New York City owner settling a class-action lawsuit over labor law violations, and similar wage-theft cases pending in Michigan and California.
But as small business owners, McDonald's franchisees are hardly alone in worrying about what paying more could do to their bottom lines. Plenty of small business owners, even liberal restaurant owners and nonprofit leaders in Seattle, are concerned that a $15 minimum wage would mean laying off staff.
That's the argument the restaurant industry's top lobbyists make too. Denouncing Thursday's protests as "made-for-TV moments," Scott DeFife, an executive vice president of the National Restaurant Association, reiterated the concern that a higher minimum wage would put a damper on hiring.
The flip side to that CBO report, however, was that such a wage could increase the purchasing power of 16.5 million low-wage workers per week. For folks like Terran Lyons, who has a job but can't afford to buy a burger from her own employer without a discount, a higher minimum wage would mean increased consumption power — a plus for the economy, and presumably, McDonald's.
Entrepreneur Nick Hanauer, whom Making Sen$e interviewed in Seattle, explains that even if McDonald's has to compress their margins in the short-term, boosting the minimum wage would be a long-term boon. "If you earn $16,000 or $18,000 a year, you're not going to McDonald's to eat," he says. "If you earn $30,000 a year, or earning a $15 minimum wage, now you can afford to be a customer of McDonald's."
"Why would you not want to hand your customer base a raise?" Payne echoes.
A higher minimum wage would also save the American taxpayer, critics of the fast food industry argue. Right now, Hanauer and Payne explain, the American people are effectively subsidizing lofty CEO compensation because their employees subsist on publicly funded food stamps.
Raising the minimum wage to at least $9 an hour has the support of more than three-quarters of Americans, according to last fall's Gallup Poll. But that's a fight still dividing Congress between Democrats pushing for $10.10 an hour and Republicans unwilling to entertain an increase.
Conservative media have blasted the Agenda Project video for its outwardly partisan slant that singles out Sens. Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., Ted Cruz, R-Texas, and Rand Paul, R-Ky., for doing McDonald's bidding.
In recent days, several high-profile Republicans (not in Congress) have come out in support of a higher minimum wage — albeit not as high as the president's proposed $10.10 an hour. And in the originally released version of the Agenda Project's video, taken down because Payne said it was too long, Ronald scolds Fox host Bill O'Reilly for his support of a higher minimum wage.
So while the American people seem to support a higher minimum wage, the fight for Washington is still very much at stake.
So far this year, McDonald's has spent $540,000 on food and beverage industry lobbying, just behind the National Restaurant Association. And while they've given twice as much to the National Republican Congressional Committee as to the Democratic counter group, like most corporations seeking to maximize their influence, they've split direct contributions fairly equally between candidates of both parties. Interestingly, however, their top Senate recipient this cycle is Mark Begich, D-Alaska, who co-sponsored the Senate's Minimum Wage Fairness Act.
The Agenda Project, which recently relocated from New York City, is also looking to maximize their influence in Washington. They plan to cut and re-release their video in smaller chunks suitable for ad buys in about 30 of the most competitive congressional districts. Also on their target list this fall: the Kentucky seat of Senate Minority Leader McConnell, whom Ronald telephones to thank for squashing the Senate's latest effort to raise the minimum wage.
If McDonald's 2013 annual report is any indication, they're taking notice of the public pressure from labor activists and its potential impact on their business. Among risks to their shareholders listed in the report is "exposure to reputational and other harm as a result of perceptions about our workplace practices or conditions or those of our franchisees."
McDonald's did not respond to requests for comment for this story.
In a statement on the company's website about Thursday's protests, McDonald's spokesperson Heidi Barker Sa Shekhem said, "McDonald's respects our employees' right to voice their opinions and to protest lawfully and peacefully. If employees participate in these activities, they are welcomed back and scheduled to work their regular shifts."
Editor's note: The Making Sen$e video segment above incorrectly states that Menzies Aviation contractor Joshua Vina handles baggage for Alaska Airlines. Vina moves baggage for other airlines at Sea-Tac Airport, but not for Alaska Airlines. His anger towards the CEO of Alaska Airlines stems from the fact that Alaska Airlines is the lead plaintiff in a lawsuit that has so far blocked implementation of a local proposition, passed by SeaTac voters last fall, which would have guaranteed airport workers like Vina a $15 an hour minimum wage and paid sick leave.