Character Above All: George Bush Glossary

GEORGE BUSH

41st President of the United States


KEY DATES:

1924: Born June 12th in Milton, Massachusetts
1966-71 : U.S. House of Representatives (R-Texas)
1971-73: U.S. Ambassdor to the United Nations
1976-77 : Director of Central Intelligence (CIA)
1980: Elected Vice President of the United States
1984: Reelected Vice President of the United States
1988: Elected President of the United States
1992: Defeated for reelection to the presidency by Democrat Bill Clinton


HEROISM IN THE PACIFIC WAR: President Bush won the Distinguished Flying Cross in World War II. He was the youngest Navy pilot to volunteer for service in the War. On Sept. 2, 1944, at the age of 20, Bush's torpedo bomber was shot down while on a mission in the South Pacific. After six hours on a life raft, he was rescued by a submarine.

FATHER IN POLITICS: President Bush's father was Senator Prescott Bush, Republican of Connecticut, who served in the U.S. Senate from 1952 until 1963.

JOHN BIRCH SOCIETY: A conservative anti-communist political organization founded in 1958. It is named for U.S. Army Capt. John Birch who was killed by the communist Chinese shortly after the end of World War II.

PRESIDENT FORD WITHDREW HIS NAME: At the 1980 Republican Convention in Detroit, Governor Reagan discussed with former President Ford the possibility of running for vice president. Later, President Ford said the negotiations "almost made it," but in the end "it just wouldn't fit."

PROMISE NOT TO RAISE TAXES: At the Republican convention in 1988, during his speech to accept the party's presidential nomination, Mr. Bush said, "My opponent won't rule out raising taxes, but I will. And Congress will push me to raise taxes, and I'll say no, and they'll push, and I'll say no, and they'll push again. And I'll say to them: Read my lips. No new taxes."

COLD WAR: The period of rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union which followed World War II. It developed as the U.S. brought the countries of Western Europe into its political influence while the Soviet Union maintained political dominance over Eastern Europe. The period was also marked by a rivalry between the two countries over the development of nuclear weapons. The Cold War officially ended in the late 1980s with the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and the rise of independent, democratic governments ingorbachev Eastern Europe.

MIKHAIL GORBACHEV (b.1931): He was general secretary of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union from 1985-1991 and president of the Soviet Union from 1990-91. He led efforts to democratize the Soviet system and allowed the rise of democratic independence movements in the Soviet-bloc countries of Eastern Europe.

EASTERN EUROPEAN SATELLITES: Countries under Soviet domination during the Cold War included Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania.

Berlin Wall BERLIN WALL: The concrete wall topped with barbed wire divided East and West Berlin. It was built in August 1961 to prevent the escape of Germans from the communist government in East Germany. It became a symbol of the Cold War division between Eastern and Western Europe. It was taken down in November 1989 following the collapse of the East German government.

GULF WAR: The Persian Gulf War began on the night of Jan. 16-17, 1991 with U.S. air assault on Iraq. The attack was precipitated by Iraq's refusal to withdraw from neighboring Kuwait which it had invaded in August 1990. President Bush declared a ceasefire on February 28, 1991 after the defeat of Iraq's armed forces.

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