Pterois volitans

Habitat: Lionfish typically are found in caves and crevices of the reef.

Average adult size: Adults can grow to be 1 1/2 feet long.

Natural history: Lionfish are beautiful and deadly. Their feather-like rays are brightly-colored and tipped with strong venom. Lionfish are secretive, hiding under ledges and in caves during the day. They are nocturnal predators, actively feeding at night. Lionfish feed on crabs, shrimps and mainly small fishes. A sting from a lionfish is extremely painful, and doctors recommend soaking the limb in very hot water. Lionfish are popular aquarium pets. They are collected and sent all over the world, as part of the lucrative and destructive aquarium trade.

Range: Western Australia north to Japan.

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