# Math Teaching Your Six-Year-Old Numbers and Counting

Numbers and counting are a crucial part of your child's growing mathematical understanding. These early math concepts build a foundation for more complex mathematical processes in the future. Six-year-olds can count pretty high — often up to 200! This allows them to explore more math concepts, such as skip counting and place value. Your child will begin to study and apply these math concepts every week at school. At home, you can continue to look for opportunities to extend their understanding of numbers and counting in everyday activities and by playing simple math games.

## Instill a love of numbers at an early age:

By now your child should be able to count by ones up to 100. Help him enhance place-value understanding by practicing reading and writing two-digit numbers. Many children often make the mistake of reversing the numbers they hear. For example, some children might hear "46," but write "64." Have them practice writing two-digit numbers you say out loud.

#### Glass Palace

Curious George is helping to clean the windows on a really big building! Your child can help George find the right window to clean by identifying the correct place for a missing number in a number line.

### Dot-to-Dot Activities

Remember dot-to-dot books? These activities are great for practicing number identification and counting. You can buy a cheap dot-to-dot activity book online or in a local dollar store, or you can make your own! Your child will be learning how to identify numbers with a fun challenge she can do on her own.

#### Rock Art

By creating pictures or connecting the dots in this game, your child will learn about how numbers represent collections of objects.

### Play a Card Game

With a deck of cards, you can teach your child a card game that uses comparison skills. The game of War is about comparing two cards — the higher card drawn wins. Your child will be gaining some valuable math knowledge and terms, such as "greater than," "less than" and “the same as,” as she plays.

#### Play Simple Games With a Hundreds Chart

Build your child's self-confidence related to math by playing these games that focus on counting by ones, fives or tens, identifying even and odd numbers, or figuring out which numbers in the chart are missing.

### Learn Anywhere: Mental Math Games

Counting games are great in the car or on the subway since they don’t require materials — just your brain. Because your child is learning to count to high numbers by now, you can practice skip counting. Start by trying to count by 10s to 100. Then try counting by fives or twos. The more you play, the faster your child will become at picking up the patterns. When that gets too easy, brainstorm different ways to get a specific number. What are three numbers you can add together to get to 12? What four numbers can you add together to get to 20?

#### Escape from Greasy World

There is trouble in Greasy World and Professor Fizzy needs help. As your child helps to save the day, she will learn to rotate puzzle pieces to fit them together to make a picture, sort objects based on multiple attributes, and order objects by height and length.

### Play Board Games with Dice

"Subitizing" is the fancy word for seeing the number of objects without counting them. As an adult, you can instantly grasp that there are four people sitting at a table — you can subitize. But young children would need to count them one by one. By age five, your child will have a better grasp on this key skill. A great way to practice is to play a game that involves throwing a die (or dice) with spots instead of numerals, such as Sorry and Monopoly. Through play, your child will learn to recognize the numbers of the dice quickly and will strengthen their subitizing skills.