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Putin’s Road to War

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DIRECTED BY
Michael Kirk

WRITTEN BY
Michael Kirk & Mike Wiser

PRODUCED BY
Michael Kirk
Mike Wiser
Jim Gilmore
Philip Bennett
Vanessa Fica

REPORTED BY
Jim Gilmore
David E. Hoffman
Vanessa Fica

EDITORS
Elliott Choi
Steve Audette, ACE

PRODUCTION EXECUTIVE
Colette Neirouz Hanna

POST PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR
Elliott Choi

DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY
Ben McCoy

NARRATOR
Will Lyman

ASSOCIATE PRODUCER
Olivia DelVecchio

RESEARCHERS
Brooke Nelson Alexander
Andrew Helms

ASSITANT EDITOR
O. Deborah Afolayan

PRODUCTION ASSISTANT
Denise Emerson

COORDINATING PRODUCER
Karinna Sjo-Gaber

ORIGINAL MUSIC
John E. Low

SOUND
Jason Pawlak

ADDITIONAL CAMERA
Coby Howell

ADDITIONAL SOUND
Tom Levy

ONLINE EDITOR/COLORIST
Jim Ferguson

SOUND MIX
Jim Sullivan

VOICEOVER
Jeremiah Kissel
Mike McNally

LEGAL
Ken Fishkin

FIXER, RUSSIA
Katya Korobtsova

LOGISTICS, RUSSIA
Vladimir Alexandrov

TRANSLATORS
LEXIT
Nini Arshakuni
Tatyana Gassel
Yana Balanov

ARCHIVAL MATERIALS
ABC News VideoSource
Associated Press
Barbara Walton/EPA/Redux
BR via TELEPOOL
CBS News/Veritone
CNN
Courtesy Barack Obama Presidential Library
Erin Schaff/The New York Times/Redux
Getty Images
Getty Images/BBC Motion Gallery
Getty Images/NBC News Archives
imago/epd
Jon Farina/Status Coup
Journeyman Pictures
Lynsey Addario/The New York Times
Reuters
Ronald Reagan Presidential Library
ScapeWare3d
Screenocean/Reuters
Shutterstock
SLUB Dresden/Deutsche Fotothek/Hartmut Schütz
VII
William J. Clinton Presidential Library
Yle Archive
Yuri Kozyrev/NOOR/Redux
Zuma Press

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS
ABC News
Al Jazeera
Associated Press
BBC
Bloomberg
C-SPAN
CBS News
Channel One
Chicago Tribune
CNBC
CNN
Deutsche Welle
DHA
FOX News
Independent News Network
International Olympic Committee
ITN
Julio Rosas/Townhall Media
KNTV
Krasnogorsk Russian State Archive
KTVU
LIN TV
Link TV
Morgan Cain
MSNBC
NASA
NBC News
NPR
NTV
ORT
PBS NewsHour
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
RTR/VGTRK
Ruptly
Russian Defense Ministry
Sheah
Sky News
State Emergency Services of Ukraine
The 5th Wheel
The Boston Globe
The Los Angeles Times
The New York Times
The Wall Street Journal
The Washington Post
WUSA

Original funding for this program was provided by public television stations, Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Abrams Foundation, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Park Foundation, FRONTLINE Journalism Fund with major support from Jon and Jo Ann Hagler, additional support from Laura DeBonis and Corey David Sauer.

FOR FRONTLINE

DIRECTOR OF POST PRODUCTION
Megan McGough Christian

SENIOR EDITOR
Barry Clegg

EDITOR
Brenna Verre

EDITOR
Joey Mullin

ASSISTANT EDITORS
Alex LaGore
Tim Meagher
Christine Giordano

PRODUCTION ASSISTANT
Stevie Jones

FOR GBH OUTPOST
SENIOR DIRECTOR OF PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
Tim Mangini

INTERNS
Gabby Barre
Sunjin Chang
Dallin Mello
Sophia Gardner
Catherine Morreale

SERIES MUSIC
Mason Daring
Martin Brody

EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT
Will Farrell

IMPACT PRODUCER
Erika Howard

DIGITAL WRITER & AUDIENCE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIST
Patrice Taddonio

AUDIENCE ENGAGEMENT EDITOR
Ambika Kandasamy

ASSISTANT EDITOR, DIGITAL
Tessa Maguire

SERIES PUBLICITY MANAGER
Anne Husted

ARCHIVES & RIGHTS MANAGER
John Campopiano

FOR GBH LEGAL
Eric Brass
Suzy Carrington
Jay Fialkov

SENIOR CONTRACTS MANAGER
Gianna DeGiulio

BUSINESS MANAGER
Sue Tufts

BUSINESS DIRECTOR
Mary Sullivan

SENIOR DEVELOPER
Anthony DeLorenzo

LEAD DESIGNER FOR DIGITAL
Dan Nolan

FRONTLINE/COLUMBIA JOURNALISM SCHOOL FELLOWSHIPS
TOW JOURNALISM FELLOW
Taylor Eldridge

ABRAMS JOURNALISM FELLOW
Aasma Mojiz

FRONTLINE/NEWMARK JOURNALISM SCHOOL AT CUNY FELLOWSHIP
TOW JOURNALISM FELLOW
Bruce Gil

FRONTLINE/FIRELIGHT INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM FELLOWS
Cristina Ibarra
Ursula Liang

DIGITAL REPORTER
Paula Moura

EDITORIAL CONSULTANTS
Lauren Prestileo
Callie T. Wiser

DIGITAL PRODUCER / EDITOR
Miles Alvord

HOLLYHOCK FILMMAKER IN RESIDENCE
Marcia Robiou

SERIES PRODUCER AND EDITOR
Michelle Mizner

INVESTIGATIVE PRODUCER
Daffodil J. Altan

DEPUTY DIGITAL EDITOR
Priyanka Boghani

DIGITAL EDITOR
Jennifer Wehunt

EDITORIAL COORDINATING PRODUCER
Katherine Griwert

POST COORDINATING PRODUCER
Robin Parmelee

SENIOR EDITOR AT LARGE
Louis Wiley Jr.

FOUNDER
David Fanning

SPECIAL COUNSEL
Dale Cohen

SPECIAL PROJECTS EDITOR
Philip Bennett

DIRECTOR OF AUDIENCE DEVELOPMENT
Maria Diokno

SENIOR PRODUCER FOR SPECIAL PROJECTS & INNOVATION
Carla Borrás

SENIOR PRODUCERS
Dan Edge
Frank Koughan

SENIOR EDITOR
Lauren Ezell Kinlaw

SERIES SENIOR EDITOR
Sarah Childress

MANAGING DIRECTOR
Janice Hui

MANAGING EDITOR
Andrew Metz

EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Raney Aronson-Rath

A FRONTLINE production with Kirk Documentary Group

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WGBH Educational Foundation
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

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