After winning a Nobel Prize, most scientists and researchers use the opportunity to become an administrator, or to set up a large lab where they assign research projects to underlings.
Frederick Sanger was a revolutionary biochemist – the “father of the genomic era” – who received a Nobel Prize in 1958 for identifying the composition of a protein. But he didn’t stop there.
Rather than cashing in, Sanger remembered something that he learned at St. John’s College at Cambridge. Sanger wrote that in school, he was “not academically brilliant.” It was only when he discovered laboratory experimentation that he found that he could hold his own, “even with the most academically outstanding.”
After winning his first Nobel, Sanger continued active research in the lab, where he developed a method for sequencing DNA. For this, Sanger earned a second Nobel Prize in 1980. He is the first person to win two chemistry Nobels, and only the fourth researcher ever to win two.
Read more about Frederick Sanger in his LA Times obituary .