Nima ArkaniHamed
Dr. ArkaniHamed is a Visiting Professor in the Department of Physics at
Harvard University, where he joined the faculty in 2002. He holds a B.S. in
physics and mathematics from the University of Toronto (1993) and a Ph.D. in
physics from the University of California at Berkeley (1997). His research is
focused on exploring the possibility that there are additional physical
principles governing nature, as yet unknown, beyond the standard model of
particle physics and general relativity.
Marcia Bartusiak
The first woman to receive the prestigious Science Writing Award from the
American Institute of Physics (1982), Ms. Bartusiak is currently a Visiting
Professor at the MIT Graduate Program in Science Writing. Ms. Bartusiak is the
author of four books on astronomy and physics, and she is now writing an
anthology of the major discovery papers in astronomy. She holds a B.S. in
communications from American University (1971) and an M.S. in physics from Old
Dominion University (1979).
Savas Dimopoulos
A native of Greece, Dr. Dimopoulos earned his Ph.D. from the University of
Chicago in 1978. A year later he joined the physics faculty at Stanford
University, where he is Professor of Physics. Dr. Dimopoulos's research focuses
on the theoretical, experimental, and cosmological implications of the large
dimension paradigm, which links the weakness of gravity to the possible
existence of new dimensions. Dr. Dimopoulos`s papers are regularly included in
the Physics Top Ten, an evolving list of the most important papers in the
field.
Michael Duff
Dr. Duff is the Oskar Klein Professor of Physics at the University of Michigan
at Ann Arbor and the Director of the Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics.
His interests lie in the unified theories of the elementary particles, quantum
mechanics, supergravity, Kaluza/Klein theory, superstrings, supermembranes, and
Mtheory. Dr. Duff earned a B.S. in Physics from Queen Mary College at the
University of London and a Ph.D. in theoretical physics from the University of
London's Imperial College in 1972.
Edward Farhi
Dr. Edward Farhi is a Professor of Physics at MIT, where he works on the theory
of quantum computation, which uses quantum physics to create computing
algorithms that can solve problems too complex for conventional computers. He
teaches both undergraduates and graduate students at MIT and has won three
consecutive teaching awards for his classes, in 2000, 2001, and 2002. Dr. Farhi
is a graduate of Brandeis University (A.B., 1973) and Harvard (Ph.D., 1978).
Peter Galison
Dr. Galison is the Mallinckrodt Professor of the History of Science and of
Physics at Harvard University, where he has taught since 1992. The author and
editor of many awardwinning books on a range of topics, from architecture, to
photography, to intellectual property and the history of aviation, Dr. Galison
published Einstein's Clocks, Poincaré's Maps: Empires of
Time, his most recent book, in 2003. Dr. Galison holds degrees from Harvard
University (A.B., 1975, M.A., 1977, Ph.D., 1983) and Cambridge University (M.
Phil, 1979).
S. James Gates, Jr.
Dr. Gates, an expert on supersymmetric particles, graduated from MIT, where
in 1973 he earned two B.S. degrees, one in physics and one in math, and a Ph.D.
in physics in 1977. In 2002, after more than two decades teaching physics and
conducting research at various institutions, including MIT, Howard University,
Caltech, and Harvard, Dr. Gates was named John S. Toll Professor of Physics at
the University of Maryland at College Park. This appointment made him the first
AfricanAmerican physicist to hold an endowed chair at a university in the U.S.
Sheldon Lee Glashow
Dr. Glashow's many important contributions to theoretical physics include his
work on the unified theory of weak and electromagnetic interactions, for which
he won the Nobel Prize in physics in 1979. He is currently the Arthur G.B.
Metcalf Professor of Physics and a University Professor at Boston University.
Dr. Glashow was educated at Cornell University (A.B., 1954) and Harvard
University (A.M., 1955, Ph.D., 1959). In addition to his research and
pedagogical interests in particle theory, cosmology, and classical mechanics,
Dr. Glashow focuses on stimulating interest in science among high school
students and university students of the humanities.
Michael B. Green
Dr. Green is the John Humphrey Plummer Professor in the Department of Applied
Mathematics and Theoretical Physics at the University of Cambridge. He received
his B.A. in physics in 1967 from Cambridge and remained at Cambridge to
complete his doctoral work in 1970. Since becoming involved with early work on
string theory in the late 1970s and early 1980s, when he was involved in some
of the most important initial work in the field, Dr. Green has been working to
unravel the underlying geometrical structure of string theory.
Brian Greene
Brian Greene, the host of NOVA's miniseries "The Elegant Universe," is the
author of the bestselling book on which the program is based. He is a graduate
of Harvard (A.B., 1984) and the University of Oxford (Ph.D., 1987), where he
was a Rhodes Scholar. Dr. Greene is a professor in both the physics and
mathematics departments at Columbia University in his native New York City. He
is also codirector of Columbia's new Institute for Strings, Cosmology, and
Astroparticle Physics (ISCAP). Besides being known as one of theoretical
physics most brilliant communicators of science to general audiences, Greene
has contributed a number of important discoveries to the field of string
theory.
David Gross
A native of Washington, D.C., Dr. Gross earned his undergraduate degree in
physics at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem in 1962 and his Ph.D. at UC
Berkeley in 1966. Since 1997, Gross has directed the Institute for Theoretical
Physics at UC Santa Barbara (now called the Kavli Institute for Theoretical
Physics), where he is also the Frederick W. Gluck Chair in Theoretical Physics.
Dr. Gross played a major role in the development of string theory in the 1980s.
His specialty in the field is quantum chromodynamics, the theory of strong
interactions. In 2004, Gross shared the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work
in quantum chromodynamics.
Alan Guth
Dr. Guth is Victor F. Weisskopf Professor of Physics at MIT, where he earned
his B.S. and Ph.D. in 1968 and 1971, respectively. He is the inventor, in 1980,
of a modification of the big bang theory called the inflationary universe,
which explains many of the otherwise mysterious features of the observed
universe and offers a possible explanation for the origin of all the universe's
matter and energy from the beginning of time. Today, Dr. Guth's research is
still centered on the consequences of his inflationary theory. He is also
exploring such questions as whether the laws of physics allow the creation of a
new universe in a laboratory.
Gary Horowitz
Dr. Horowitz has been a full professor since 1990 in the Physics department at
UC Santa Barbara, where he has coauthored many frequently cited papers in his
field. He received his B.A. in physics from Princeton University in 1976 and did
his doctoral work in physics at the University of Chicago, where he earned his
Ph.D. in 1979. Dr. Horowitz's research interests are in gravitational aspects of
string theory. This includes black holes in extra spatial dimensions, quantum
aspects of black holes, and the effects of string theory in the extreme gravitational
fields near the big bang and inside black holes.
Walter H.G. Lewin
A native of The Netherlands, Dr. Lewin received his Ph.D. in physics from the
University of Delft in 1965. In 1996, he arrived at MIT to begin a position as
a postdoctoral associate, and he has been teaching physics and conducting
research at MIT ever since. He is well known among MIT students for his dynamic
lectures on Newtonian mechanics and electricity and magnetism. Among his
colleagues, Dr. Lewin is best known for his scientific investigations in
astrophysics, including satellite and highaltitude balloon Xray observations,
worldwide coordinated observations of optical bursts and Xray bursts, and
international collaborations observing Xray fluxes and Xray sources.
Joseph Lykken
Joseph Lykken is a theoretical particle physicist at the Fermi National
Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Batavia, Illinois, and a professor in the
Physics Department and Enrico Fermi Institute at the University of Chicago.
Since joining Fermilab in 1989, Lykken has focused on experimental searches for
supersymmetry, the Higgs boson, and extra dimensions. Lykken graduated from
the University of Minnesota at Minneapolis (B.A., physics, 1977) and earned his
Ph.D. in physics at MIT in 1982.
Burt Ovrut
Dr. Ovrut is a professor of physics at the Unversity of Pennsylvania, where he
works on string theory and its applications to particle physics phenomenology
and cosmology. He recently contributed two important ideas to the field, the
theory of brane worlds and a new theory of the early universe called ekpyrotic
cosmology. Dr. Ovrut earned his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Chicago
in 1978.
Amanda Peet
New Zealander Amanda Peet is a Professor of Physics at the University of
Toronto and a scholar in the Cosmology and Gravity Program at the Canadian
Institute for Advanced Research. The focus of her research is the connection of
string theory to the cosmology of the early universe. Dr. Peet holds degrees
from New Zealand's University of Canterbury (B.S., 1990) and Stanford
University (Ph.D., 1994).
Joseph Polchinski
Dr. Polchinski is a professor of physics at UC Santa Barbara and the Kavli
Institute for Theoretical Physics at UC Santa Barbara. He received his B.S. in
physics in 1975 from Caltech and his Ph.D. in 1980 from UC Berkeley. Dr.
Polchinski's primary research interests are particle theory, string theory, and
cosmology. He is the author of a recent twovolume introduction to the topic of
string theory.
John H. Schwarz
John H. Schwarz, an expert in theoretical particle physics, is the Harold Brown
Professor of Theoretical Physics at Caltech. He completed his undergraduate
studies at Harvard in 1962 and earned his Ph.D. from UC Berkeley in 1966. Dr.
Schwarz has worked on string theory for most of his career. In 1984, he
cowrote a landmark paper, based on 12 years of research, that suggested a
mathematical theory, one that he called superstring theory, which included 10
spatial dimensions instead of the usual three.
Nathan Seiberg
Nathan Seiberg is a professor of mathematical physics at the Institute for
Advanced Study. His work focuses on various aspects of string theory, field
theory, and particle physics. Dr. Seiberg received his B.S. in 1977 from Tel
Aviv University and his Ph.D. in physics from Israel's Weizmann Institute of
Science in 1982. During recent years, he has found, with collaborators, exact
solutions of supersymmetric quantum field theories and string theories, which
have yielded numerous new insights into major scientific and mathematical
problems.
Maria Spiropulu
A native of Greece, Maria Spiropulu is an Enrico Fermi Fellow at the University
of Chicago's Enrico Fermi Institute. She earned her Ph.D. in physics in 2000
from Harvard. Dr. Spiropulu's research is focused on supersymmetry and extra
dimensions. At the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), Dr.
Spiropulu uses a tool called the Collider Detector to analyze the debris of
highenergy particle collisions, which could show signs of extra dimensions and
supersymmetric particles.
Paul Steinhardt
Dr. Steinhardt is the Albert Einstein Professor in Science and Professor of
Physics at Princeton University. He received his B.S. in physics at Caltech in
1974 and his Ph.D. in Physics from Harvard in 1978. Dr. Steinhardt's research
spans particle physics, astrophysics, cosmology, and condensedmatter physics.
He is best known for his work on the first inflationary models for the
universe, the discovery that inflation can seed galaxy formation, and to new
observational tests.
Leonard Susskind
Dr. Susskind has been a professor at Stanford University since 1979. His
current title at Stanford, where he also directs the Stanford Institute of
Theoretical Physics, is Felix Bloch Professor of Physics. In 1969, Dr.
Susskind, providing the basis for string theory, was the first to link the
reason that quarks never appear in isolation to a force that he described as a
string. He was educated in physics at the City College of New York (B.S., 1962)
and Cornell University (Ph.D., 1965). Dr. Susskind's research interests include
the structure of hadrons, instantons, quark confinement, and quantum cosmology.
Cumrun Vafa
Dr. Vafa is a Professor of Physics at Harvard. He studies questions fundamental
to theoretical highenergy physics, such as the nature of quantum gravity and
the relationship between geometry and quantum field theories. Born in Tehran,
Iran, Dr. Vafa came to the U.S. in 1977 to attend MIT, where he earned a B.S.
in mathematics and physics in 1981. He received a Ph.D. in physics from
Princeton in 1985. He is best known for his pioneering work on one of the major
scientific puzzles of the last two decades, the entropy of black holes.
Gabriele Veneziano
Italian physicist Gabriele Veneziano is best known for his pioneering 1968
description of the strong force, in which fundamental particles behave like
tiny vibrating strings instead of points of matter. Veneziano's articulation of
strings as a new category of particle gave rise to string theory as we know it
today. Dr. Veneziano received his Ph.D. in 1968 from Israel's Weizmann
Institute. Since 1997, he has been a Senior Staff Member at CERN, the world's
largest particle physics laboratory, located in Geneva. His primary research
interest is string cosmology.
Steven Weinberg
Dr. Steven Weinberg holds the Josey Regental Chair of Science at the University
of Texas at Austin, where he is a member of both the Physics and Astronomy
departments. His research interests span a range of topics in quantum field
theory, elementary particle physics, and cosmology. In 1979, Dr. Weinberg
shared the Nobel Prize in physics, an honor he received for his contributions
to the unified theory of weak and electromagnetic interactions. In addition to
his scholarly publications, Dr. Weinberg has authored several books for general
readers, including The First Three Minutes, his awardwinning account of
the story of the universe, which has been translated into 22 languages.
Edward Witten
Dr. Witten is the Charles Simonyi Professor of Mathematical Physics at
Princeton University's Institute for Advanced Study. The author of more than
200 scientific papers, most of them on string theory, Witten is ranked among
the world's principal theoretical physicists. His research on strings has
yielded numerous major theories in the field, including Mtheory, which
combines the five separate string theories into one master equation. Witten
earned his B.A. in physics in 1971 from Brandeis University and did his
doctoral work at Princeton, where in 1976 he received a Ph.D. in physics.

