Medieval Arms Race
War in medieval times was about the control of land. Garrisons of knights and other soldiers who lived in castles controlled the land around their stone fortresses. To conquer a territory, an attacking army would have to strike and take these central strongholds.

To do so, they would launch a siege. Over the centuries, medieval armies developed military strategies to fight a siege. Weapons of war also evolved, often in response to the technological advances of the enemy. By the mid-12th century, siege warfare had developed into a science, practiced by an engineer corps called ingeniatores.

Here we describe some of the major weapons and strategies used in what became a medieval arms race. Let the siege begin.