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Smart Sea Lions and Talking Walruses: Links & Books


Long Marine Lab
Learn about the lab that studies the remarkable cognitive abilities of sea lions, walruses, and other pinnipeds at this website from the University of California Santa Cruz.

Pinnipeds: Seals, Sea Lions, and Walruses
Find out more about the various types of pinnipeds and learn which ones are endangered on this NOAA site.


Marine Mammal Research: Conservation Beyond Crisis
by Timothy J. Ragen, John E. Reynolds III, William F. Perrin, and Randall R. Reeves. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005.

National Audubon Society Guide to Marine Mammals of the World
by Brent S. Stewart, Phillip J. Clapham, James A. Powell, and Randall R. Reeves. Knopf, 2002.

The Pinnipeds: Seals, Sea Lions, and Walruses
by Marianne Riedmann. University of California Press, 1991.


"Who Is the Walrus?"
by Natalie Anger. New York Times, May 20, 2008.

"Walruses: The Friendly, Fun-loving, Musically Talented Creatures Are Under Threat From Climate Change"
by Jamie Merrill. The Independent, September 11, 2008.

"Sea Lion Scores Top Marks in Memory Test"
by James Randerson. New Scientist, October 26, 2002.


Any opinions, findings and conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the National Science Foundation, a cofunder of this site.