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October 18, 2005: Credits

Web Site Credits

Lauren Aguirre, Executive Editor
Brenden Kootsey, Senior Web Developer
Lexi Krock, Associate Editor
David Levin, Editorial Assistant
Susan K. Lewis, Editor
Sonali Patel, Designer
Peter Tyson, Editor in Chief
Anya Vinokour, Senior Designer
Bang Wong, Illustrator ("Let's Make a Microbe!")

Photo and Image Credits

Artificial Life

Artificial Life hub page
Photo: (vesicles) Courtesy David Deamer/Duke University

Let's Make A Microbe!
Photos: (all vesicles) Courtesy David Deamer/Duke University; (sunlit plant) Courtesy; (hand with bacteria) © Corbis Images

Francis Collins Interview
Photos: (Francis Collins) Courtesy NIH; (E. coli) Courtesy NIH/; (red wagon) Courtesy; (Jeremy Minshull and Robert Krulwich, DNA strand) © NOVA/WGBH Educational Foundation; (amino acid graphic) © Corbis Images

Ask the Expert
Photo: (David Deamer) Courtesy David Deamer


Lightning hub page
Photos: (triggered lightning) Courtesy University of Florida Lightning Research Group

Lightning Varieties
Photos: (cloud-to-ground lightning) Courtesy NOAA; (cloud discharge, ball lightning) Courtesy; (blue jet) Courtesy Patricia Huett; (red sprite) Courtesy D. D. Sentman, University of Alaska; (elves diagram) Courtesy Walt Lyons; (volcanic lightning) Courtesy Sakurajima Volcano Observatory; (atomic lightning) Courtesy U.S. Atomic Energy Commission; (triggered lightning) Courtesy University of Florida Lightning Research Group

How Lightning Works
Photos: (lightning and stars, lightning in mist) © T. Credner & S. Kohle,; (Joe Dwyer) Courtesy Joe Dwyer

Ask the Expert
Photo: (Joe Dwyer) Courtesy Joe Dwyer

Profile: Erich Jarvis

Erich Jarvis hub page
Photo: (Erich Jarvis) Courtesy Duke University

Meet Erich Jarvis
Photos: (Erich Jarvis at computer) Courtesy Duke University; (Erich Jarvis outdoors, bird brain model) © NOVA/WGBH Educational Foundation; (parrot) © Corbis Images; (Erich Jarvis with birds) Courtesy Duke University

Bird Brain
Photos: (bird brain model and QuickTime VR) © NOVA/WGBH Educational Foundation; (bird brain diagram) Courtesy Erich Jarvis/

Ask the Expert
Photo: (Erich Jarvis) © NOVA/WGBH Educational Foundation

Fish Surgery

Fish Surgery hub page
Photo: (fish surgery) Andrea Cross, © NOVA/WGBH Educational Foundation,

Rx for Fish
"Infectious Disease" section
All photos: Andrea Cross, © NOVA/WGBH Educational Foundation except (tuberculosis bacilli) © Visuals Unlimited

"Cancer" section
All photos: Andrea Cross, © NOVA/WGBH Educational Foundation

"Buoyancy disorder" section
All photos: Courtesy Jaleen Briscoe, University of Pennsylvania Veterinary School except (fish diagram) from Fish Medicine, by Michael K. Stoskopf, D.V.M., Ph.D., professor and head of Department of Companion Animal and Special Species Medicine, illustrations by Timothy Phelps, M.S., F.A.M.I., and Brent Bauer, M.F.A., F.A.M.I., Department of Arts as Applied to Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, published by W. B. Saunders Company, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.); ("Belly Bob swimming upside down") Courtesy Benjamin Brainard, University of Pennsylvania Veterinary School; (X-rays) Courtesy University of Pennsylvania Veterinary School.

"Accidents" section
All photos: Courtesy North Carolina State University Veterinary School except (Dave Smothers) Andrea Cross, © NOVA/WGBH Educational Foundation

Ask the Expert
Photo: (Greg Lewbart) © NOVA/WGBH Educational Foundation

Hurricane Katrina

Hurricane Katrina hub page
Photo: (houses in flood) White House photo by Paul Morse

Wetland Destruction
Photo: (wetlands) © NOVA/WGBH Educational Foundation

The Levees
Images: (stills of animations) © NOVA/WGBH Educational Foundation

The Producer's Story
Photos: (Walter Maestri in French Quarter, End of the World Marina, Peter Doyle) © NOVA/WGBH Educational Foundation; (wetlands map) Courtesy USGS

Ask the Expert
Photo: (Marshall Shepherd) Courtesy Marshall Shepherd

Production Credits

Artificial Life

Edited by
Doug Quade

Written, Produced and Directed by
Julia Cort


Edited by
Stephen Mack

Produced and Directed by
Dean Irwin

Profile: Erich Jarvis

Edited by
Ira Meistrich & Robe Imbriano

Produced and Directed by
Carla Denly & Robe Imbriano

Fish Surgery

Edited by
Ben Ehrlich

Produced and Directed by
Dean Irwin

Hurricane Katrina

Edited by
Harlan Reiniger

Produced and Directed by
Peter Doyle & Joe McMaster

NOVA scienceNOW

Executive Producer
Samuel Fine

Executive Editor
Robert Krulwich

Senior Series Producer
Vincent Liota

Supervising Producer
Andrea Cross

Development Producer
Kyla Dunn

Associate Producer & Program Editor
Win Rosenfeld

Associate Producers
Mary Robertson
Anthony Manupelli
Anna Lee Strachan

Unit Manager
Candace White

Production Secretary
Ayo Babatunde

Yunsik Noh

Rob Morsberger

NOVA scienceNOW Series Animation

Michael Chin
Anthony Forma
Donald Friedell
Rex Fortenberry
Mark Gunning
Scott Ransom
Edward Marritz
Daryl Patterson-Pendana
Joel Shapiro

Sound Recordists
Sara Chin
Jeffrey Duncan
Neal Gettinger
Janice Mahan
Mark Roy
Virnado Woods

Audio Mix
John Jenkins


Additional Producing
Talleah Bridges

Production Assistants
Robbie Gemmel
Shimona Shahi

Special Thanks
American Indian Community House
DNA 2.0
Lassen Volcanic National Park
Tika Laudun
Louisiana Public Broadcasting
Louisiana State Wildlife and Fisheries
The Melton Family
The New York Academy of Medicine Library
33rd and Bird

Archival Material
ABC News Video Source
BBC Motion Gallery
Getty Images
Linda Harrar Productions
Indiana State Museum and Historic Sites
Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology
National Geographic Television Film Library
Prairie Pictures/Stormstock
William E. Sauro/The New York Times

NOVA Series Graphics
yU + co.

NOVA Theme Music
Walter Werzowa
John Luker
Musikvergnuegen, Inc.

Additional NOVA Theme Music
Ray Loring

Post Production Online Editor
Spencer Gentry

Closed Captioning
The Caption Center

NOVA Administrator
Dara Bourne

Eileen Campion
Olivia Wong

Senior Researcher
Barbara Moran

Production Coordinator
Linda Callahan

Unit Manager
Lola Norman-Salako

Richard Parr

Legal Counsel
Susan Rosen Shishko

Post Production Assistant
Alex Kreuter

Associate Producers Post Production
Nathan Gunner
Patrick Carey

Post Production Supervisor
Regina O'Toole

Post Production Editor
Rebecca Nieto

Post Production Manager
Maureen Barden Lynch

Supervising Producer
Stephen Sweigart

Producer, Special Projects
Susanne Simpson

Coordinating Producer
Laurie Cahalane

Senior Science Editor
Evan Hadingham

Senior Series Producer
Melanie Wallace

Managing Director
Alan Ritsko

Senior Executive Producer
Paula S. Apsell

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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0229297. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

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