NOVA

Supersonic Dream

Student Handout

Aircraft Specifications


Fuel Burn

Aircraft Type

Engines

Average Take-off Mass with Fuel (kg)

Fuel Burn Rate (gal/h)

Weight of Gallon of Fuel (kg)

Mass of Fuel Burned (kg/h)

Hour 1 Mass of Plane (kg)

Hour 2 Mass of Plane (kg)

Hour 3 Mass of Plane (kg)

Boeing 747-100

4

340,190

3,638

2.7215

Boeing DC-10-3

3

259,450

3,130

2.7215

Concorde

4

185,062

6,771

2.7215

Airbus 300-600

2

161,022

1,678

2.7215

Boeing 727-200

3

95,026

1,844

2.7215

Boeing 737-4

2

64,636

792

2.7215

BAE 146-2

4

40,993

817

2.7215


Fuel Burned per Hour
Fuel Burn Rate (gal/h)
x Weight of Gallon of Fuel (kg)
= Mass of Fuel Burned (kg/h)

Change in Mass
Average Take-off Mass with Fuel (kg)
- Mass of Fuel Burned (kg/hr)
= Hour 1 Mass of Plane (kg)

Hour 1 Mass of Plane (kg)
- Mass of Fuel Burned (kg/hr)
= Hour 2 Mass of Plane (kg)

Hour 2 Mass of Plane (kg)
- Mass of Fuel Burned (kg/hr)
= Hour 3 Mass of Plane (kg)

Mass of Fuel Burned
Mass of Fuel Burned (kg/h)
x 3 = Mass of Fuel Burned after 3 Hours (kg)

Percent Mass Change
Mass of Fuel Burned after 3 Hours (kg) ÷ Average Take-off Mass with Fuel (kg)
x 100 = Percent Mass Change




Passenger Count

Aircraft Type

Fuel Burn Rate (gal/h)

Average Airborne Speed (km/h)

Amount of Fuel Burned (gal/km)

Passengers and Crew

Distance per Passenger per Gallon (km/gal)

Distance Traveled (km)

Gallons per Passenger (London to New York)

Boeing 747-100

3,638

825.6

423

5,547

Boeing DC-10-3

3,130

828.8

283

5,547

Concorde

6,771

2,160.0

109

5,547

Airbus 300-600

1,678

740.3

274

5,547

Boeing 727-200

1,844

703.3

157

5,547

Boeing 737-4

792

664.7

150

5,547

BAE 146-2

817

463.5

92

5,547


Fuel Use Per Passenger

Calculate your results to one decimal place (increase the first decimal place (increase the first decimal place number by one if the second decimal number is 5 or above).

Fuel Burn Rate (gal/h)
÷ Average Airborne Speed (km/h)
= Amount of Fuel Burned (gal/km)

Passengers and Crew
÷ Amount of Fuel Burned (gal/km)
= Distance per Passenger per Gallon (km/gal)

Distance Traveled (5,547 km)
÷ by Distance per Passenger per Gallon (km/gal)
= Gallons per Passenger from London to New York






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