Dr. Sageman's research also found:
+ Far from having no family or job responsibilities, 73 percent were married and the vast majority had children. Those who were not married were usually too young to be married.
+ At the time they joined jihad, the terrorists were not very religious. They only became religious once they joined the jihad.
+ 70 percent of his sample joined the jihad while they were living in another country from where they grew up: someone from country A is living in country B and going after country C. This is very different from the usual terrorist of the past, someone from country A, living in country A, going after country A's government.
+ 80 percent were, in some way, totally excluded from the society they lived in.
+ 68 percent either had pre-existing friendships with people already in the jihad or were part of a group of friends who collectively joined the jihad together -- for example, the Hamburg group that planned and executed 9/11, and the Montreal group that surrounded Ahmed Ressam, the millennial bomber.
+ 20 percent had close family bonds to the jihad.
Read more on Dr. Sageman's findings from a Nov. 1, 2004 speech at the Foreign Policy Research Institute in Philadelphia.