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Toward a More Perfect Union
in an Age of Diversity


Sample Citizenship Questions

U.S. Department of Justice Immigration and Naturalization Service


The following questions are examples of what may be asked of you on your examination for citizenship. You may practice for the exam by attempting to answer them. Your actual test may have questions that are not on this document.

  1. What are the colors of our flag?
  2. How many stars are there on our flag?
  3. What color are the stars on our flag?
  4. What do the stars on the flag mean?
  5. How many stripes are on the flag?
  6. What color are the stripes?
  7. What do the stripes on the flag mean?
  8. How many states are there in the union?
  9. What is the 4th of July?
  10. What is the date of Independence Day?
  11. Independence from whom?
  12. What country did we fight during the Revolutionary War?
  13. Who was the first President of the United States?
  14. Who is the President of the United States today?
  15. Who is the Vice President of the United States today?
  16. Who elects the President of the United States?
  17. Who becomes President of the United States if the President should die?
  18. For how long do we elect the President?
  19. What is the Constitution?
  20. Can the Constitution be changed?
  21. What do we call a change to the Constitution?
  22. How many changes or amendments are there to the Constitution?
  23. How many branches are there in our government?
  24. What are the three branches of our government?
  25. What is the legislative branch of our government?
  26. Who makes the laws in the United States?
  27. What is Congress?
  28. What are the duties of Congress?
  29. Who elects Congress?
  30. How many senators are there in Congress?
  31. Can you name the two senators from your state?
  32. For how long do we elect each senator?
  33. How many representatives are there in Congress?
  34. For how long do we elect the representatives?
  35. What is the executive branch of our government?
  36. What is the judiciary branch of our government?
  37. What are the duties of the Supreme Court?
  38. What is the supreme law of the United States?
  39. What is the Bill of Rights?
  40. What is the capital of your state?
  41. Who is the current governor of your state?
  42. Who becomes President of the U.S.A. if the President and Vice President should die?
  43. Who is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
  44. Can you name the thirteen original states?
  45. Who said: "Give me liberty or give me death"?
  46. Which countries were our enemies during World War II?
  47. What are the 49th and 50th States of the Union?
  48. How many terms can a President serve?
  49. Who was Martin Luther King, Jr.?
  50. Who is the head of your local government?
  51. According to the Constitution, a person must meet certain requirements in order to be eligible to become President. Name one of these requirements.
  52. Why are there 100 Senators in the Senate?
  53. Who selects the Supreme Court Justices?
  54. How many Supreme Court Justices are there?
  55. Why did the pilgrims come to America?
  56. What is the head executive of a state government called?
  57. What is the head executive of a city government called?
  58. What holiday was celebrated for the first time by the American colonists?
  59. Who was the main writer of the Declaration of Independence?
  60. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
  61. What is the basic belief of the Declaration of Independence?
  62. What is the National Anthem of the United States?
  63. Who wrote The Star Spangled Banner?
  64. Where does Freedom of Speech come from?
  65. What is the minimum voting age in the United States?
  66. Who signs bills into law?
  67. What is the highest court in the United States?
  68. Who was President during the Civil War?
  69. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
  70. What special group advises the President?
  71. Which President is called "the Father of Our Country"?
  72. What Immigration and Naturalization Service form is used to apply for naturalized citizenship?
  73. Who helped the pilgrims in America?
  74. What is the name of the ship that brought the pilgrims to America?
  75. What were the 13 original states of the United States called?
  76. Name 3 rights or freedoms guaranteed by the Bill of Rights.
  77. Who has the power to declare war?
  78. What kind of government does the United States have?
  79. Which President freed the slaves?
  80. In what year was the Constitution written?
  81. What are the first 10 Amendments to the Constitution called?
  82. Name one purpose of the United Nations?
  83. Where does Congress meet?
  84. Whose rights are guaranteed by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights?
  85. What is the introduction to the Constitution called?
  86. Name one benefit of being a citizen of the United States.
  87. What is the most important right granted to U.S. citizens?
  88. What is the United States Capitol?
  89. What is the White House?
  90. Where is the White House located?
  91. What is the name of the President's official home?
  92. Name one right guaranteed by the First Amendment.
  93. Who is the Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. military?
  94. Which President was the first Commander-in-Chief of the military?
  95. In what month do we vote for the President?
  96. In what month is the new President inaugurated?
  97. How many times may a senator be re-elected?
  98. How many times may a congressman be re-elected?
  99. What are the 2 major political parties in the U.S. today?
  100. How many states are there in the United States?

Here are the correct answers. Match your responses against those given to check your accuracy.

  1. Red, white and blue
  2. 50
  3. White
  4. One for each state in the Union
  5. 13
  6. Red and white
  7. They represent the original 13 states
  8. 50
  9. Independence Day
  10. July 4th
  11. England
  12. England
  13. George Washington
  14. Bill Clinton
  15. Al Gore
  16. The Electoral College
  17. Vice President
  18. Four years
  19. The supreme law of the land
  20. Yes
  21. An amendment
  22. 26
  23. 3
  24. Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary
  25. Congress
  26. Congress
  27. The Senate and the House of Representatives
  28. To make laws
  29. The people
  30. 100
  31. (Determine by locality)
  32. 6 years
  33. 435
  34. 2 years
  35. The President, Cabinet and departments under the cabinet members
  36. The Supreme Court
  37. To interpret laws
  38. The Constitution
  39. The first 10 Amendments of the Constitution
  40. (Determine by locality)
  41. (Determine by locality)
  42. Speaker of the House of Representatives
  43. William Rehnquist
  44. Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Rhode Island, and Maryland
  45. Patrick Henry
  46. Germany, Italy and Japan
  47. Hawaii and Alaska
  48. 2
  49. A civil rights leader
  50. (Determine by locality)
  51. Must be a natural-born citizen of the United States; must be at least 35 years old by the time he/she will serve; must have lived in the United States for at least 14 years
  52. Two from each state
  53. Appointed by the President
  54. 9
  55. For religious freedom
  56. Governor
  57. Mayor
  58. Thanksgiving
  59. Thomas Jefferson
  60. July 4, 1776
  61. That all men are created equal
  62. The Star Spangled Banner
  63. Francis Scott Key
  64. The Bill of Rights
  65. 18
  66. The President
  67. The Supreme Court
  68. Abraham Lincoln
  69. Freed many slaves
  70. The Cabinet
  71. George Washington
  72. Form N-400 (Application for Naturalization)
  73. The American Indians (Native Americans)
  74. The Mayflower
  75. Colonies
  76. (a) Freedom of speech, press, religion, peaceable assembly and requesting change of government
    (b) The right to bear arms (the right to have weapons or own a gun, though subject to certain regulations)
    (c) The government may not quarter, or house, soldiers in citizen's homes during peacetime without their consent
    (d) The government may not search or take a person's property without a warrant
    (e) A person may not be tried twice for the same crime and does not have to testify against him/herself
    (f) A person charged with a crime still has some rights, such as the right to a fair trial and to have a lawyer
    (g) The right to trial by jury, in most cases
    (h) Protection of people against excessive or unreasonable fines or cruel and unusual punishment
    (i) The people have rights other than those mentioned in the Constitution
    (j) Any power not given to the federal government by the Constitution is a power of either the states or the people
  77. The Congress
  78. Republican
  79. Abraham Lincoln
  80. 1787
  81. The Bill of Rights
  82. For countries to discuss and try to resolve world problems; to provide economic aid to many countries
  83. In the Capitol in Washington, D.C.
  84. Everyone (citizens and non-citizens living in the U.S.)
  85. The Preamble
  86. Obtain federal government jobs; travel with a U.S. passport; petition for close relatives to come to the U.S. to live
  87. The right to vote
  88. The place where Congress meets
  89. The President's official home
  90. 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. Northwest, Washington, D.C.
  91. The White House
  92. Freedom of: Speech, Press, Religion, Peaceable Assembly, and Requesting Change of the Government
  93. The President
  94. George Washington
  95. November
  96. January
  97. There is no limit
  98. There is no limit
  99. Democratic and Republican
  100. 50


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