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Beyond Brown: Pursuing the Promise Image Strip of Linda Brown walking to school, girl taking test at desk, Nettie Hunt and daughter with newspaper headline on steps of Supreme Court, present day children raising hands, children at computers
Long Road to Brown
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Lesson Plans | Supreme Court Text Translator | Past Court Cases Relating to Brown |
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Brown Essays | Education & Legal Terms
Plessy v. Ferguson Past Court Cases Relating to Brown

Although African Americans first sued (unsuccessfully) to stop mandated racially segregated education in 1849, in the case Roberts v. City of Boston, the successful lawsuits known as Brown v. Board of Education were the culmination of a litigation strategy initiated in the 1930's. Charles Hamilton Houston, Dean of Howard University's Law School, is recognized as the chief architect of the NAACP's legal strategy for racial equality. Lawsuits on the long road to Brown included:

Full Supreme Court text of Plessy v. Ferguson 1896. (pdf)

Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States (pdf)

Full Supreme Court text of Gong Lum v. Rice 1927. (pdf)

Court of Appeals of Maryland text for Pearson v. Murray 1936. (pdf)

Full Supreme Court text of State of Missouri v. Canada et al. 1938. (pdf)

Full Supreme Court text of Shelley v. Kraemer and McGhee v. Sipes 1948. (pdf)

Full Supreme Court text of Sipuel v. Board of Regents of University of Oklahoma 1948. (pdf)

Full Supreme Court text of Sweatt v. Painter 1950. (pdf)

Full Supreme Court text of McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education 1950. (pdf)




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