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Fact or Fiction: Test your knowledge of what's really happening in genetic and reproductive technology in an interactive quiz.
Fact or Fiction #6
Statement A:
The first domestic pet—a cat—has been cloned by scientists in Texas. Named "CC," for copy cat, it is the sixth kind of mammal to be cloned from a single adult cell. (Sheep, mice, cattle, goats and pigs have also been cloned.) Researchers report incredible demand from pet owners to clone their favorite or deceased animals. CC appears healthy.
Statement B:
Researchers in Montana have found a single gene to be responsible for the bubonic plague, which killed roughly a third of Europe's population in the 14th century. Except for that one gene, the plague bacterium is the same as one that, today, simply causes stomach aches in people who carry it in their gut.

Fact or Fiction #7
Statement A:
A well-known international artist living in the U.S. has created Alba, a genetically engineered fluorescent bunny, as a work of art. The artist worked with scientists in Europe to insert a jellyfish gene (that creates fluorescence) into the developing embryo of a rabbit. The artist considers the creation of Alba to be part of a critical artistic discussion about transgenic art. The bunny glows green.
Statement B:
Chinese researchers have created part-human, part-rabbit embryos by inserting the nucleus from a young boy's cell into the hollowed-out egg of a rabbit. Intended to make embryos for stem cell research, the hybrids developed for several days in vitro. The researchers used rabbit cells because of the shortage of available human eggs.

Fact or Fiction #8
Statement A:
Scientists in Israel have created a DNA "mini doctor" able to detect an abnormal chemical change in a body and correct it by first making and then releasing a therapeutic chemical cocktail. The so-called "biological computer," which contains billions of living cells, can perform a billion operations per second and is able to fit inside a drop or water.
Statement B:
Doctors in Michigan have successfully used stem cells to save a young boy who suffered a heart attack after being shot in the heart with a nail gun. The cells were derived from the boy's own blood and are part of a worldwide experimental trial to repair cardiac function with stem cells.

Fact or Fiction #9
Statement A:
In an effort to efficiently mass produce cloned animals, a California biotech company is developing a computer chip that will automate the production of hundreds of cloned embryos at a time. Scientists working on human and part-human embryos hail the work as an important step. They are hopeful that the chip will make it easier to create cloned human embryos for research; these are otherwise difficult to make, due to a shortage of human eggs.
Statement B:
A private biotech partnership, funded by the U.S. government to the tune of $4.7 million, has successfully cloned chickens on a massive scale. They have patented the process, in which a machine injects "designed" cell nuclei into chicken embryos up to 50,000 times an hour, making it possible to produce, in less than a month, millions of chickens that resist disease, grow fast and eat less.

Fact or Fiction #10
Statement A:
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services will shortly rule on regulations that limit sperm and egg donors' right to anonymity, even in cases where anonymity had previously been guaranteed. Citing studies from adoption that suggest a potential harm caused to a child who cannot determine its biological parentage, the regulations create concerns in the infertility community that would-be donors will no longer participate in donor-assisted reproduction.
Statement B:
The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court recently ruled that twin girls conceived with a man's sperm after he died of leukemia are the man's legal heirs and are entitled to social security survivor's benefits.

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Which statement is fact?
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Which statement is fact?
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