An indoor Cuban instrumental ensemble consisting of flute, two violins, piano, bass and percussion (originally called charanga francesa) that became popular in the early 1910s for playing danzón music and which eventually replaced the orquestra típica as the standard format for the genre. Later, it survived by playing a decidedly more Afro-Cuban repertoire of son, guaracha and chachachá music.

The oldest and most prolific charanga is the Orquestra Aragón, formed in Cienfuegos.