"At Gila, there were 7,700 people crowded into space designed
for 5,000. They were housed in messhalls, recreation halls, and
even latrines. As many as 25 persons lived in a space intended
"In desert camps, the evacuees met severe extremes of temperature.
In winter it reached 35 degrees below zero, and summer brought
temperatures as high as 115 degrees. Rattlesnakes and desert wildlife
added danger to discomfort."
"When we first arrived at Minidonka, everyone was forced to use
outhouses since the sewer system had not been built. For about
a year, the residents had to brave the cold and the stench of