episode opens with a dramatic account of the turning
point of war: the Battle of Gettysburg, the greatest
ever fought in the Western Hemisphere. For three days
150,000 men will fight to the death in the Pennsylvania
countryside, culminating in Pickett’s legendary
charge. This extended episode then goes on to chronicle
the fall of Vicksburg, the New York draft riots, the
first use of black troops, and the western battles at
Chickamauga, Georgia and Chattanooga, Tennessee. The
episode closes with the dedication of a new Union cemetery
at Gettysburg in November, where Abraham Lincoln struggles
to put into words what is happening to his people.
Detailed Episode Description with time code:
Prologue :00 -:01:25
Shelby Foote discusses an emblematic Civil War photograph
- of three confederate prisoners at Gettysburg.
5.1 Chapter I - THE CIVIL WAR Series Title
:01:26 - :06:35
Lee, seeking to "conquer a peace" and take
pressure off Vicksburg, leads his army north.
5.2 Chapter 2 - 1863: The Universe of Battle
:06:36 - :10:50
Lee marches into Pennsylvania. Union troops clash with
Jeb Stuart at Brandy Station, Virginia in the biggest
cavalry engagement of the war. The Union army Linder
George Meade follows Lee into Pennsylvania.
5.3 Chapter 3 - Gettysburg: The First Day
:10:51 - :16:21
Footsore Confederate forces enter Gettysburg in search
of shoes and run headlong into the Union cavalry. All
divisions in the area converge on Gettysburg. The Union
takes the high ground and much to Lee's chagrin, Jeb
Stuart arrives late.
5.4 Chapter 4 - Gettysburg: The Second Day
:16:22 - :32:16
The two armies amass overnight - by morning, 65,000
Confederate troops face 85,000 Union troops. The rebels
try to take the crucial Big and Little Round Tops but
the Union holds, thanks in part to the brilliance of
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain and his 20th Maine. Lee
pronounces the day a Confederate victory, and plans
to attack the center of the Union line the next day.
5.5 Chapter 5 - Gettysburg: The Third Day
:32:17 - :51:46
Pickett's charge is Lee's greatest mistake and the turning
point of the war. Entire Southern regiments disappear.
The rebels suffer 28,000 casualties; almost a third
of all the men engaged- 51,000 men-are lost. The South
will never invade the North again. Lee offers to resign.
5.6 Chapter 6 - She Ranks Me :51:47
North and South, women find ways to participate in the
war effort, forming Sanitary Commissions, nursing the
wounded, running family farms, etc.
5.7 Chapter 7 - Vicksburg :56:02
As Grant's siege drags on, conditions inside the city
become unbearable. After 48 days, on July 4, 1863, the
Confederates Surrender. "the Father of Waters,"
Lincoln says, "again goes unvexed to the sea."
5.8 Chapter 8 -
Bottom Rail On Top :59:54 - 1:13:23
Lincoln issues the first federal draft call, but for
$300, men can hire substitutes and most of the wealthy
elite do so. Resistance to the draft causes riots throughout
the North. Lincoln authorizes the first black troops.
The 54th Massachusetts regiment, under Robert Gould
Shaw, attacks Fort Wagner, South Carolina. The battle
is a Confederate victory but it proves that blacks can
fight as well as whites.
5.9 Chapter 9 - The River of Death
1:13:24 - 1:25:09
The Battle of Chickamauga, Tennessee is a Confederate
victory and the Union army retreats to Chattanooga.
U.S. Grant arrives, takes charge and brilliantly wins
major victories at Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge.
5.10 Chapter 10 - A New Birth of Freedom
1:25:10 - 1:30:58
At the dedication of a new national military cemetery
at the Gettysburg Battlefield, Lincoln delivers the
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Educator's Index PDF (208k)
[The Educator's Index is an alphabetical and timecode specific listing of topics covered in each episode.]