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Episode Eight: War Is All Hell

Union supply train in PetersburgThe episode begins with William Tecumseh Sherman’s brilliant March to the sea, which brings the war to the heart of Georgia and the Carolinas and spells the end of the Confederacy. In March, following Lincoln’s second inauguration, first Petersburg and then Richmond finally fall to Grant’s army. Lee’s tattered Army of Northern Virginia flees westward towards a tiny crossroads town called Appomattox Court House. There the dramatic and deeply moving surrender of Lee to Grant takes place. The episode ends in Washington where John Wilkes Booth begins to dream of vengeance for the South.

Detailed Episode Description with time code:

Prologue :00. - :01:55
Shelby Foote discusses one of the main importances of the war: the Southerner's sense of defeat - of having lost a war.

8.1 Chapter 1 - THE CIVIL WAR Series Title
:01:56 - :05:26
The Confederacy is dying. Robert E. Lee assumes command of all the Southern forces, but the Union is closing in on all sides.

8.2 Chapter 2 - War Is All Hell :05:27 - :07:10
William Tecumseh Sherman - the first modern General - purposely makes war against civilians to deprive the enemy of what kept it going. "War is cruelty ... the crueler it is, the sooner it will be over," he says.

8.3 Chapter 3 - Sherman's March :07:11 - :18:07
In late 1864, Sherman decides to march his army from Atlanta to Savannah, living off the land, and destroying everything along the way that could aid the Confederate army. On the march, Sherman's army causes $100 million worth of damage "the South would never forget." John Bell Hood moves his forces into Tennessee, and at the Battle of Franklin clashes with Union troops under General George Thomas. Hood loses 7,000 men. At the battle of Nashville, Hood's army is destroyed. Joseph E. Johnston is put back in command.

8.4 Chapter 4 - The Breath Of Emancipation :18:08 - :23:41
25,000 slaves flee to Sherman's army during the march, jubilant that he has come to liberate them. On December 25, Sherman emerges near Savannah and starts for South Carolina, where secession began.

8.5 Chapter 5 - Died Of A Theory :23:42 -:29:03
The situation in the South becomes desperate. Hundreds of soldiers desert. As a last resort, the Confederates decide to use slaves as soldiers. Earlier in the year, Congress had passed the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery.

8.6 Chapter 6 - Washington, March 4, 1865 :29:04 - :34:45
Lincoln is inaugurated for a second term. John Wilkes Booth hatches a scheme to kidnap Lincoln. Lincoln travels to City Point, Virginia to meet with Grant and Sherman and discuss the final campaigns of the war and the Union's plans
for peace.

8.7 Chapter 7 - I Want to See Richmond :34:46 - :49:11
Grant finally conquers Petersburg and moves quickly towards Richmond. Jefferson Davis is forced to evacuate the Confederate government. The retreating Confederate army sets fire to much of the city and mobs loot what remains. The Union army enters the city. Lincoln arrives in Richmond. Lee and the remains of the rebel army flee westward, with Grant in hot pursuit.

8.8 Chapter 8 - Appomattox :49:12 - 1:04:00
April 7, 1865 - Grant writes to Lee. April 9, 1865 - Lee sends word that he will surrender. Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant meet at Appomattox to work out the terms of the surrender. The formal surrender comes three days later. In Washington, Lincoln quietly rejoices. A few blocks away, John Wilkes Booth plots.

Click here for the Educator's Index PDF (208k)

[The Educator's Index is an alphabetical and timecode specific listing of topics covered in each episode.]
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