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Dred Scott

Dred Scott

A gifted slave whose name adorns the 19th century's most celebrated legal case, Dred Scott claimed his temporary residence in a free state, Illinois, entitled him to freedom -- after being denied the right to buy his freedom. In a landmark 1857 decision that inflamed abolitionists, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that African Americans were not entitled to U.S. citizenship. Later freed, Scott lived only a year after the ruling.

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