In 1881, once Eakins has a camera in his hands he goes to Gloucester, NJ for the Shad fishing series. Those are entirely based on photographs and in fact photographs replaced drawing and every other method except for oil sketches used as color studies as means to make these paintings. The technique that he develops there itself an elaboration of what he had been doing in the early 1870s. He then continues to use when he is making his Arcadian series and also Swimming.
W. DOUGLASS PASCHALL
Research Associate and Coordinator,
Thomas Eakins Projects,
Philadelphia Museum of Art