In the desert sands close to the Nile, the holy city of Abydos flourished from about 4000BC to 6000AD. The site gained religious
importance as many of the rulers of ancient Egypt were buried here.
To the east of the Nile lies Karnak. The ancient town is situated just north of Luxor and Thebes (the capital of Egypt in the New Kingdom). The number
and preservation of the monuments in this area is unparalleled.
West Bank of Thebes
As the capital of the area, Thebes became Egypt's most important city in the New Kingdom period.
The West Bank became a place for mortuary temples and the main burial place for pharaohs. The tomb workers' village was also situated here.