Pompey conquers Judea, the region is brought into the Roman Empire.
| ||37-4 BCE||Herod, the Great king of Judea.|
| ||27 BCE - 14 CE||Augustus Emperor of Rome.|
| ||4 BCE||Death of Herod: series of revolts begins as Herod's kingdom is divided between his successors.|
|Saul of Tarsus, the apostle Paul born||ca. 5-15 CE|| |
| ||6 CE||Movement to resist Roman tribute led by teachers and Pharisees rises in Jerusalem.|
| ||14-37 CE||Tiberius Emperor of Rome.|
| ||18-20||City of Tiberias founded in Galilee.|
| ||19||Jews expelled from Rome.|
| ||26-36 CE||Pilate prefect of Judea.|
|Crucifixion of Jesus.||ca. 30|| |
|Stephen stoned in Jerusalem, Saul possibly present.||ca. 33|| |
|Saul's epiphany. According to Acts, it is on road to Damascus. Paul describes his epiphany in his Letter to the Galatians.
||ca. 34|| |
|Paul returns to Jerusalem to meet with leaders of Jesus movement. Stays 15 days.||37||Agrippa I installed as king of northern districts of ancient Palestine. Josephus born.|
| ||37-41||Gaius Caligula Emperor of Rome. Agrippa receives territories in ancient Palestine.
|Paul summoned to Antioch by Barnabas.||40|| |
| ||40-41||Caligula decrees installation of a statue of himself in the Temple in Jerusalem. Massive protests.|
| ||41||Agrippa I installed as king of Judea (in addition to earlier districts).|
| ||41-54||Claudius Emperor of Rome.
|Paul and Barnabas undertake 1st missionary journey: Cyprus, coastal and central Turkey (Galatia).||43-48|| |
|Before Agrippa dies, period of persecution, including executions and arrest of Peter.||44||Agrippa dies; province ruled by Roman procurators.|
|Internal debates on circumcision and dietary restrictions.||48/49|| |
|Paul breaks with Barnabas.
Separate missions to Jews and Gentiles.
Paul 2nd missionary journey.
||49||Claudius expels Jews from Rome.|
|Paul in Corinth with Priscilla and Aquila, refugees from Rome. ||50-52?|| |
|Paul returns to Antioch, leaves Priscilla and Aquila in Ephesus ||52|| |
| ||52/54-60||Sicarii active in Jerusalem.|
|Paul in Ephesus. According to Acts, this is his 3rd missionary journey.||52-55/56||Nero Emperor of Rome. |
|Paul sent to Rome.||60|| |
| ||64||Fire of Rome.
| ||66||Revolt in Judea begins.|
| ||67||Josephus captured by Roman general Vespasian at fall of Jotapata.|
| ||68||Nero's suicide.
Civil wars ensue.
| ||69||Year of Four Emperors; ends when Vespasian seizes control of Empire.|
| ||70||Destruction of Temple ends Judean revolt.|