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oak park: movements

naumkeag house
Shingle Style

n the late nineteenth century, Queen Anne homes were a popular choice for wealthy Americans. Originally brought to the United States from England, the Queen Anne style developed into a series of American vernacular styles that distinguished themselves from their British counterpart by adopting elements of American Colonial Design.

One of these movements was the Shingle Style, often employed for the second homes of wealthy clients in New England, New York, and New Jersey. Less formal than their primary residences, these vacation homes often used an early form of the open plan and had a more fluid relationship to the environment. Other characteristics were the use of continuous wood shingle cladding on the walls and roof, an irregular, steeply pitched roof with cross gables, extensive porches, and eyebrow windows. This style is often cited as an inspiration for Frank Lloyd Wright’s early work. He used an adaptation of the Shingle Style for the Oak Park Home and Studio of 1889.

naumkeag house The most prominent designer of Shingle Style homes was Stanford White, later a partner in the firm of McKim, Mead, and White, the architects of Pennsylvania Station and the Boston Public Library. He began his career designing luxury homes for wealthy New Yorkers. The style became increasingly more formal at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century, as architects like White started looking not to the colonial architecture of the seventeenth century for inspiration but to the more ornate "high style" architecture of eighteenth century America. Naumkeag, in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, was built for New York attorney, Joseph Choate in 1886 and is one of the best examples of this style. Choate wanted to recall the architecture of his childhood spent in Salem, Massachusetts, a coastal town called Naumkeag by the Indians.

Pictured: Naumkeag, 1886, Stockbridge, Massachusetts

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