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Each of the following questions and activities are designed to stimulate discussion and action in classrooms at both high school and university levels, and in your community.

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The conflict between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda centers in some ways around the myth of settler vs. native, and the influence of colonial powers in creating conflict between ethnic groups within a country.

• How does a nation determine who is a “settler” and who is a “native,” when both
  groups have lived in the country for centuries?
• What are the rights and obligations of settlers and natives?
• What strategies are employed to engineer hatred between two ethnic groups?


In Rwanda, the country is trying to create a new history of itself. One point of contention focused on the events of 1959, when Tutsis were thrown out of power by the Hutus and the Belgians: “Some people call the events of 1959 a revolution because the Tutsis who were in power were eliminated and in 1961, the monarchy was abolished. The Hutus say this was a revolution. So we had to define the meaning of the term ‘revolution’,” says Gamaliel Mbonimana during the program.

• What is a revolution?
• Compare the events in Rwanda to other revolutions in history. What do they have in
  common?
• What factors make the Rwandan “revolution” questionable?