Muscle Shoals

Muscle Shoals

  • BY Greg Camalier | IN Arts & Culture
    Premiered April 21, 2014

About the Film

Located on the banks of the Tennessee River, Muscle Shoals, Alabama is the unlikely breeding ground for some of the most creative and defiant music in American history. MORE

Under the spiritual influence of the "Singing River" as Native Americans called it, the music of Muscle Shoals is some of the most important and resonant of all time. "I'll Take You There," "Brown Sugar," "When a Man Loves a Woman," "I Never Loved a Man the Way That I Loved You," "Mustang Sally," "Tell Mama," "Kodachrome," and "Freebird" are just a few of the tens of thousands of tracks created there.

At its heart is Rick Hall, who founded FAME Studios. A musician himself, who overcame crushing poverty and staggering tragedies, Hall brought black and white musicians together — including during times when the state’s governor wanted "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever" — to create music that would last for generations while also giving birth to the unique Muscle Shoals sound, and the unheralded but crucial rhythm section, The Swampers.

While fending off a budding rivalry in the Muscle Shoals heyday with Muscle Shoals Sound Studio, which was formed by The Swampers and would find huge success of its own, Hall maintained confidence in his brand and in himself.

Freddy Camalier’s film brings in legendary artists including Aretha Franklin, Duane’s brother Gregg Allman, Bono, Clarence Carter, Jimmy Cliff, Mick Jagger, Alicia Keys, Keith Richards, Percy Sledge, Steve Winwood, and others, as well as archival interviews with the late Wilson Pickett and Etta James, all who bear witness to the magnetism and mystery of Muscle Shoals and why it remains a global influence today.


The Filmmaker

Greg "Freddy" Camalier

Making his directorial debut with Muscle Shoals, filmmaking is a deep-seated passion Greg “Freddy” Camalier is hoping and planning to pursue for the remainder of his life. A former musician who never attended film school, Camalier’s chance stopover on a road trip and fascination with the titular town’s music history led to him making the film Muscle Shoals. He lives in Boulder, Colorado.

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Film Credits

Featuring
Aretha Franklin
Mick Jagger
Alicia Keys
Bono
Candi Staton
Gregg Allman
Keith Richards
Steve Winwood
Jimmy Cliff
John Paul White
Ed King
Donna Jean Godchaux
Jaimoe
Clarence Carter
Percy Sledge
Rick Hall
Jimmy Johnson
David Hood
Barry Beckett
Roger Hawkins
Dan Penn
Spooner Oldham

Directed by
Greg 'Freddy' Camalier

Produced by
Stephen Badger
Greg 'Freddy' Camalier

Executive Producer
Matthew Freud

Director of Photography
Anthony Arendt

Editor
Richard Lowe

Associate Producer
Linda Livingston

Co-Producers
Raji Mandelkorn
Matthew Davis Walker

Music Supervisor
Jill Meyers

Original Music
Spooner Oldham
Ray Smith

Additional Camera
Carlos Doerr
Joel Hood
Michael Routh

Interviews by
Stephen Badger

Written by
Greg ‘Freddy’ Camalier
Stephen Badger

Additional Line Producers
Franses Simonovich
Jocelyn Jansons

Production Managers
Max A. Butler
Felicity Huthinson
Amy Jarvela
Steve Lamar

Consulting Producer
Holly George-Warren

Additional Cameras
William Ahrens
Federico Alfonzo
Sean Odea

Additional Photography
Joseph Arena
Tom Byfield
Alex Carr
Chris Clarke
Armand Holmes
Jeff Kelly
Brian Kip McDonald
Richard Moriarty
Filipp Penson
Matthew Davis Walker

Steadicam Operator
Mike Langford

DIT
Ben Bailey

Video Assist
Christopher G. Hill

Key Grip
Terry Secrest

Grips
Steve Anderson
Ed Bauman
Dylan Clark
Shawn Jenkins
Emily Neumann
Matt Satterfield
Jose Santiago
Darryl Wilson

Dimmer Board Operator
Douglas Rice

Gaffers
Susanne Carter
Ty Coke
Christian Fritz
Justin Hollingsworth
Michael Koepke
Adam Lukens
Larry Prinz

Location Sound Recordists
Matt Hamilton
Grant Johnson
Chris Lennon
Tod Maitland
Thomas Morrison
Steven S. Nelson
Jordan Chasen

Art Director Los Angeles Unit
Nicole Alarid

Still Photographers
Leslie Alsheimer
Jen Baer
Barney Edwards
Colleen Hayes
Jamie Kripke
Noah Rabinowitz

Key Location PA
Jeremy Ivy

Location Production Assistants
Paul Contos
Nicholas Deacetis
Eric Maloney
Haley Milberger
Andrea Monier
James Robertson
Cara Rose
Jon Sawa
JR Wilson
Wade Woods

Post Production Supervisors
Julia Mintz
Robert Warmflash

Associate Post Producers
Raji Mandelkorn
Franses Simonovich

Archival Research
Stephen Badger

Footage Researcher
Jim McDonnell

Transcriptions
Elizabeth Christine Jawski
Raji Mandelkorn

DI Colorist
Tim Stipan

Re-Recording Mixer and Sound Supervisor
Christopher Koch, CAS

Sound Editors
Elizabeth Fausak
Randy Matuszewski
Eric Di Stefano

Distribution Advisor
Submarine Entertainment

Legal
SmithDehn LLP
Cowan Debaets Abrahams & Sheppard

Archival Footage and Stills Provided by and Courtesy of:
ABCNEWS VIDEOSOURCE
The Alabama Music Hall of Fame
Associated Press
The Beckett Family
Dick Cooper
Corbis Images
FAME Studios
Getty Images
Peter Guralnick
The Hall Family
David Hood
Jimmy Johnson
Leslie Alsheimer Photography
Maysles Films, Inc. and Promogracht B.V.
Muscle Shoals Sound Studios
Music Pictures LTD
NBC Universal Archives
Stephen Paley
Photofest, Inc.
Estate of William “Popsie” Randolph
Reelin’ In The Years Productions LLC
Research Video, Inc.
Library & Archives, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum
Alvin and Jonathan Rosenbaum
Sid Selvidge
Streamline Films, Inc.
SVT
T3 Media
T-Bolt Media
Tom Thurman
Tuscaloosa News
JM Van Eaton
WGBH Media Library & Archives
The WPA Film Library
Zebra Ranch

Lynyrd Skynyrd “Free Bird”, Bill Graham presents A Day on the Green
Oakland Coliseum 4th July 1977
Norton, LLC/Wolfgang’s Vault

Painting courtesy of:
"Trail of Tears" © Kelly Murphy 2011

Music

Original Music Recorded and Mixed by
FAME Recording Studios
The Nutt House
Ray Smith

Music Clearances
Drew Bayers

“Land of 1000 Dances” Written by Chris Kenner
Performed by Wilson Pickett
Courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp./Rhino Entertainment Company
By arrangement with Warner Music Group Film & TV Licensing

Electric Mandolin
Traditional
Performed by Rick Hall

“Slip Away”
Written by William Armstrong, Marcus Lewis Daniel, and Wilbur Terrell
Performed by Clarence Carter
Courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp./Rhino Entertainment Company
By arrangement with Warner Music Group Film & TV Licensing

“Steal Away”
Written and performed by Jimmy Hughes
Courtesy of FAME Records

Tribal Drums by Herbert Boland
Courtesy of free sound

“(Somebody) Loan Me a Dime”
Written by Fenton Robinson, Milton Middlebrook and Jesse Anderson
Performed by Boz Scaggs
Courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp.
By arrangement with Warner Music Group Film & TV Licensing

“You Better Move On”
Written and Performed by Arthur Alexander
Courtesy of FAME Enterprises, Inc.

“You Better Move On”
Written by Arthur Alexander
Courtesy of FAME Enterprises, Inc.
Performed by The Rolling Stones on the Arthur Haynes Show
Courtesy of Reelin’ In the Years Productions LLC

“Two in the Morning”
Written by Roger Hawkins, Albert S. Lowe, Jr., and Spooner Oldham
Performed by Spooner’s Crowd
Courtesy of FAME Enterprises, Inc.

“I’ll Take You There”
Written by Alvertis Isbell
Performed by The Staple Singers
Courtesy of Concord Music Group, Inc.

Spooner’s Melancholy
Written by Spooner Oldham
Performed by Spooner Oldham

“When a Man Loves a Woman”
Written by Andrew James Wright and Calvin Houston Lewis
Performed by Percy Sledge
Courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp.
By arrangement with Warner Music Group Film & TV Licensing

“Snatching It Back”
Written by Clarence George Carter and George Henry Jackson
Performed by Clarence Carter
Courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp./Rhino Entertainment Company
By arrangement with Warner Music Group Film & TV Licensing

“Funky Broadway”
Written by Arlester Christian
Performed by Wilson Pickett
Courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp./Rhino Entertainment Company
By arrangement with Warner Music Group Film & TV Licensing

“Mustang Sally”
Written by Bonny Rice
Performed by Wilson Pickett
Courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp./Rhino Entertainment Company
By arrangement with Warner Music Group Film & TV Licensing

“One Step Ahead”
Written by Charles Singleton and Eddie Snyder
Performed by Aretha Franklin

“I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)”
Written by Ronnie Shannon
Performed by Aretha Franklin
Courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp./Rhino Entertainment Company
By arrangement with Warner Music Group Film & TV Licensing

“Respect”
Written by Otis Redding
Performed by Aretha Franklin
Courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp./Rhino Entertainment Company
By arrangement with Warner Music Group Film & TV Licensing

“Tell Mama”
Written by Clarence George Carter, Marcus Lewis Daniel, and Wilbur Terrell
Performed by Etta James
Courtesy of Geffen Records
Under license from Universal Music Enterprises

“St. Louis Blues”
Written by W.C. Handy
Performed by Dr. Eric Kirkman

“I’d Rather Go Blind”
Written by Billy Foster and Ellington Jordan
Performed by Etta James
Courtesy of Geffen Records
Under license from Universal Music Enterprises

“I Ain’t Easy to Love”
Written by James LeBlanc & Angela Hacker
Performed by Candi Staton
Courtesy of House of Fame, LLC & Rick Hall Music Inc
By arrangement with Rick Hall Productions/Candi Staton

“The Weight”
Written by Robbie Robertson
Performed by King Curtis
Courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp.
By arrangement with Warner Music Group Film & TV Licensing

“Statesboro Blues”
Written by Willie McTell
Published by Peer International Corp.
Performed by Taj Mahal
Courtesy of Columbia Records
By arrangement with Sony Music Licensing

“Hey Jude”
Written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney
Performed by Wilson Pickett
Courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp./Rhino Entertainment Company
By arrangement with Warner Music Group Film & TV Licensing

“Statesboro Blues”
Written by Willie McTell
Performed by The Allman Brothers Band
Courtesy of The Island Def Jam Music Group
Under license from Universal Music Enterprises

“Reap What You Sow”
Written by Mike Bloomfield and Nicholas George Gravenites
Performed by Otis Rush
Courtesy of Atlantic Records Corp.
By arrangement with Warner Music Group Film & TV Licensing

“You Gotta Move”
Written by Reverend Gary Davis and Fred McDowell
Performed by the Rolling Stones
Courtesy of Promotone B.V.

“Wild Horses”
“Brown Sugar”
Written by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards
Performed by The Rolling Stones
Courtesy of ABKCO Music & Records, Inc.

“Grits and Gravy”
Written by Freeman Brown, Mickey Buckins, Harrison Calloway,
Ronald Eades, Clayton Ivey, Albert Lowe, and Aaron Varnell
Performed by The Fame Gang
Courtesy of Capitol Records
Under license from EMI Film & Television Music

"I'd Rather Be An Old Man's Sweetheart (Than A Young Man's Fool)"
Written by Clarence George Carter, George Henry Jackson and Raymond Moore
Performed by Candi Staton
Courtesy of Capitol Records
Under license from EMI Film & Television Music

“Free Bird”
Written by Allen Collins and Ronnie Van Zant
Performed by Lynyrd Skynyrd

“Patches”
Written by Ronald Dunbar and General N. Johnson
Performed by Clarence Carter
Courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp./Rhino Entertainment Company
By arrangement with Warner Music Group Film & TV Licensing

“Sitting in Limbo”
Written by Guillermo Bright-Plummer and Jimmy Cliff
Performed by Jimmy Cliff
Courtesy of Island Records Limited
Under license from Universal Music Enterprises

“(Sometimes I Feel So) Uninspired”
Written by Jim Capaldi and Steve Winwood
Performed by Traffic
Courtesy of Island Records Limited
Under license from Universal Music Enterprises

"Mainstreet”
Written by Bob Seger
Performed by Bob Seger & The Silver Bullet Band
Courtesy of Capitol Records
Under license from EMI Film & Television Music

“Kodachrome”
Written and performed by Paul Simon
Courtesy of Legacy Records
By arrangement with Sony Music Licensing

“Pressing On”
Written by Bob Dylan
Performed by Alicia Keys
Courtesy of RCA Records
By arrangement with Sony Music Entertainment

“Sweet Home Alabama”
Written by Edward C. King, Gary Robert Rossington and Ronnie Van Zant
Performed by Lynyrd Skynyrd
Courtesy of Geffen Records
Under license from Universal Music Enterprises

Special Thanks
Stina and Liam
Remy, Charlie and Jake
Suzanne Bolton
Abhinav Chandan
Nick Dutton
Aaron Grosky
Linda Hall
Rodney Hall
Tom Hendrix
Jimmy Nutt
Pastor Jerry Reeves
Tim Rogowski
Russell Smith

Muscle Shoals is a production of Ear Goggles Productions, LLC.

This program was produced by Ear Goggles Productions, LLC which is solely responsible for its content.

© 2012 Ear Goggles Productions, LLC. All rights reserved.

How much of this music were you familiar with before? What are some of the other great music studios? Why have so many great musical sounds come out of the American South?
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How much of this music were you familiar with before? What are some of the other great music studios? Why have so many great musical sounds come out of the American South?