Walter Cronkite has covered virtually every news
event during his more than 60 years in journalism - the last 49
affiliated with CBS News. He became a special correspondent for
CBS News when he stepped down as anchorman and managing editor
of the CBS Evening News after 19 years. Affectionately nicknamed
"Old Iron Pants" for his unflappability under pressure, Mr. Cronkite's
accomplishments -- both on-air and off -- have won him acclaim
and trust from journalism colleagues and the American public alike.
Born in St. Joseph, Missouri on November 4, 1916,
Mr. Cronkite began his career in journalism as a campus correspondent
at the Houston Post, where he worked part time during high school
and his freshman year in college. Mr. Cronkite also worked as
a sports announcer for a local radio station in Oklahoma City
and joined the United Press in 1937, where he remained for eleven
As a correspondent for United Press, Mr. Cronkite
covered World War II -- landing with the invading Allied troops
in North Africa, covering the battle of the North Atlantic in
1942, taking part in the Normandy beachhead assaults in 1944,
the airborne landing in Holland and participating as one of the
first newsmen in B-17 raids over Germany. After reporting the
German surrender, Mr. Cronkite established United Press bureaus
in Europe, was named United Press bureau chief in Brussels and
covered the Nuremberg trials of Goering, Hess and other top Nazis.
From 1946 to 1948, he was chief correspondent for United Press
In July 1950, Mr. Cronkite joined CBS News in Washington
as a correspondent. He was the anchorman for the CBS political
convention and election coverage from 1952 to 1980. Mr. Cronkite
assumed his duties on the CBS Evening News on April 16, 1962.
When he joined the CBS Evening News team, the broadcast was only
fifteen minutes long. On September 2, 1963, it became network
television's first half-hour weeknight news broadcast and made
its debut with Mr. Cronkite's headline-making interview with President
John F. Kennedy.
Following his departure from CBS Evening News, Mr.
Cronkite was the Correspondent of CBS Reports' Children of Apartheid,
which won an Emmy for Outstanding Achievement in a Documentary
and the Overseas Press Club Edward R. Murrow Award for Outstanding
Documentary. He also anchored the CBS News science magazine series
Walter Cronkite's Universe which debuted as a pilot broadcast
in 1979 and ran as a miniseries from 1980 to 1982. In addition,
Mr. Cronkite was the only journalist to be voted among the top
ten "most influential decision-makers in America" in surveys conducted
by U.S. News and World Report and was named the "most influential
person" in broadcasting. In 1985, Mr. Cronkite was inducted into
the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Hall of Fame.