Visit Your Local PBS Station PBS Home PBS Home Programs A-Z TV Schedules Watch Video Donate Shop PBS Search PBS
Photo of Bill Moyers Bill Moyers Journal
Bill Moyers Journal
Bill Moyers Journal
Watch & Listen The Blog Archive Transcripts Buy DVDs
Fritz Hollings on Making Government Work
Washington Snow Globe
Watch Video
Read Transcript
Comment
July 25, 2008

Ernest "Fritz" Hollings is used to shaking things up in Washington, DC. In his 36 years in the Senate he authored bills on issues from automobile fuel economy to deficit reduction. But now Hollings is working on a government reform project he can only conduct from the outside — getting the money out of politics and the politics back in to Congress.

It's no secret that the 2008 campaign will be the most expensive presidential race of all time — but the race for money is beleaguering all levels of elected officials.

The hardest working people in the world are the congressmen and senators. We work from early morning 'til late at night and all weekend and everything else. But we're working now, not for the country, but for the campaign.
Fritz Hollings outlines his plans for getting Washington off the money mill in a new book called MAKING GOVERNMENT WORK.

Below you'll find online tools for tracking your candidates finances — who's giving, and how much they're taking.

Ernest F. "Fritz" Hollings

Fritz HollingsErnest "Fritz" Hollings served as a soldier during World War II, as a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Charleston, 1949 to 1954, as Lieutenant Governor, 1955 to 1959, as Governor, 1959 to 1963, and finally, as U.S. Senator, 1966 to 2005.

As a state representative, Hollings supported anti-lynching legislation, a sales tax to support education, an increase in teacher's salaries, and reform of unemployment compensation. He went after and won over industrial interests for the state as Lieutenant Governor and built on this success as Governor. He worked to improve the state's educational system at all levels, develop industry, and balance the state budget, helping South Carolina to earn the AAA credit rating.

Hollings served in the U.S. Senate from 1966 until his retirement in January 2005. Recognized as a policy expert on the budget, telecommunications, the environment, defense, trade, and space, he is the author of the Coastal Zone Management Act (1972), the Ocean Dumping Act (1972), and the Automobile Fuel Economy Act (1975) and coauthor of the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Deficit Reduction Act (1985). Hollings led in the creation of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children in 1972 and passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996.

Related Media:
FBI Domestic Spy PosterGovernment Oversight
BILL MOYERS JOURNAL examines the reality of waste and abuse of power in Washington with a look at the investigations being conducted by Congress's Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.

ElephantLori Wallach on Trade Wars
Lori Wallach, Director of Public Citizen's Global Trade Watch, on the secret trade deal negotiated by leaders of the Democratic Party and its implications for labor unions, consumer groups and the environment.

ElephantEXPOSÉ on the JOURNAL: Mr. Heath Goes to Washington
The broadcast profiles SEATTLE TIMES reporters on the trail of how members of Congress have awarded federal dollars for questionable purposes to companies in local Congressional districts - often to companies whose executives, employees or PACs have made campaign contributions to their legislators.

ElephantCAPITOL CRIMES
MOYERS ON AMERICA documents the rise and fall of Washington money-man Jack Abramoff.

References and Reading:
MAKING GOVERNMENT WORK
Read excerpts of Fritz Hollings' book.

LOBBYING

Center for Lobbying in the Public Interest
Center for Lobbying in the Public Interest (CLPI) promotes, supports and protects 501(c)(3) nonprofit advocacy and lobbying in order to strengthen participation in our democratic society and advance charitable missions. The Web site contains information on effective lobbying procedures.

Center for Public Integrity
The Center for Public Integrity is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, tax-exempt organization that conducts investigative research and reporting on public policy issues in the United States and around the world. They post commentaries, list news stories of interest, and distribute the "Public i" newsletter. The Center maintains extensive online research projects including LobbyWatch, and PowerTrips, an investigation into Congressional travel

The Center for Responsive Politics
The Center for Responsive Politics is a non-partisan, non-profit research group based in Washington, D.C. that tracks money in politics, and its effect on elections and public policy. The site contains comprehensive databases on 527s, PACS and breakdown of dollars by representative, major donors, donors by industry, and many others.

Congressional Lobbying Scandals: A Top Ten List
Oxford University Press presents a blog entry from their media correspondent Donald Ritchie, author of REPORTING FROM WASHINGTON, to outline the top lobbying scandals in Washington history — from 1857 to 2006.

Federal Election Commission
The Federal Election Commission (FEC) is an agency created to administer and enforce the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1975 (FECA), the statute that regulates the financing of federal elections in the United States. It has jurisdiction over all subsequent campaign finance regulation. The Web site contains a searchable database of all campaign finance filings and a guide to the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2004.

Follow the Money: The Institute on Money in State Politics
The Institute on Money in State Politics is a national nonpartisan, nonprofit organization dedicated to accurate, comprehensive and unbiased documentation and research on campaign finance at the state level. The Institute develops searchable databases, makes them available to the public online, and analyzes the information to determine the role campaign money plays in public policy debates in the states.

History of Lobbying: United States Senate
A series of essays, originally written by Senate Majority Leader Robert C. Byrd, on the history of lobbying in the United States Congress.

Public Citizen
Public Citizen is a national non-profit public interest organization "protecting health, safety, and democracy." Their Lobbyinginfo Web site features a report on Congressmen who retired to K Street (PDF) and offers a searchable database of lobbyists and their employments histories.


CAMPAIGN REFORM

The Campaign Finance Institute
The Campaign Finance Institute is a non-partisan, non-profit institute, affiliated with The George Washington University, that conducts objective research and education, empanels task forces and makes recommendations for policy change in the field of campaign finance. The Institute has a comprehensive guide to the Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform Act.

The American Conservative Union on Campaign Finance Reform
The American Conservative Union (ACU) commissioned this report, Who's Buying Campaign Finance Reform? to shed light on where the anti-First Amendment campaign 'reform' movement gets its money and what its leaders, followers and funders really want for America.

Common Cause
Common Cause is a nonpartisan nonprofit advocacy organization founded in 1970 by John Gardner as a vehicle for citizens to make their voices heard in the political process and to hold their elected leaders accountable to the public interest. Common Cause is active in election reform, ethics in politics, and favors public financing of presidential campaigns.

Public Campaign
Public Campaign is a non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to sweeping reform that aims to dramatically reduce the role of special interest money in America's elections and the influence of big contributors in American politics. Public Campaign works with various organizations, particularly citizen groups around the country that are fighting for change in their states. On the site, frequent updates and press releases give you the latest news on campaign finance reform.

Cato: Money and Politics
The Cato Institute seeks to broaden the parameters of public policy debate to allow consideration of the traditional American principles of limited government, individual liberty, free markets and peace. In the articles on this web site, Cato scholars explain why the various proposals for extensive new regulations on campaign finance are unconstitutional, based on faulty assumptions and destined to result in unintended and undesirable consequences.

Published July 25, 2008

Also This Week:

JANE MAYER ON TORTURE
Bill Moyers Journal goes inside last week's hearings on torture in Congress and gets perspective from journalist Jane Mayer on the debate over whether the U.S. sanctioned torture to prosecute the war on terror. Mayer's recent book, THE DARK SIDE: THE INSIDE STORY OF HOW THE WAR ON TERROR TURNED INTO A WAR ON AMERICAN IDEALS, documents the war on terror and the struggle over whether the president should have limitless power to wage it.

TORTURE HEARINGS
View excerpts from recent hearings on detainee treatment and find out how to see more of the hearings online.

FORMER SENATOR ERNEST F. "FRITZ" HOLLINGS
Former Senator Fritz Hollings talks about what's right and wrong with Washington, and his book MAKING GOVERNMENT WORK.

DEEPENING THE AMERICAN DREAM
Take part in our Web-only project that features essays and videos of some of Moyers' notable guests laying out their vision for the future of the American dream.

WATCH last week's show
EXPLORE the archive
TALK BACK: THE MOYERS BLOG
Our posts and your comments
OUR POSTS
YOUR COMMENTS
For Educators    About the Series    Bill Moyers on PBS   

© Public Affairs Television 2008    Privacy Policy    DVD/VHS    Terms of Use    FAQ   
SIGN UP FOR BLOG UPDATES AND PODCASTS EMAIL US