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BUYING THE WAR: Sites of Interest

Accuracy In Media
Accuracy In Media is a watchdog group that critiques the news media and aims to "set the record straight on important issues that have received slanted coverage." On this site you'll find daily media monitoring, investigative reports, and guest columns that examine various current media trends.

The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press
This nonprofit organization founded in 1970 provides free legal assistance to journalists. The Web site offers articles and publications examining the intersections between journalists and the law.

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
"Freedom Under Fire: Dissent in Post-9/11 America" This 2003 report from The American Civil Liberties Union examines freedom of expression in the United States in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks. Resources include legislative and judicial updates on a number of civil liberties issues, as well as an examination of how American law and society have changed since 9/11.

American Enterprise Institute
"The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research is a private, nonpartisan, not-for-profit institution dedicated to research and education on issues of government, politics, economics, and social welfare." The Web site offers information on AEI research projects and publications, podcasts, and AEI event listings open to the public.

The Annenberg Public Policy Center
Part of the Annenberg School for Communications at the University of Pennsylvania, this organization researches media and communications policy issues. The Web site's section on political communication fact checks not only the media output of presidential candidates but has conducted a special study into media coverage of terrorism.

The Brookings Institution
The Brookings Institution, a private nonprofit research organization, conducted a discussion on June 17, 2003 entitled: "ASSESSING MEDIA COVERAGE OF THE WAR IN IRAQ: PRESS REPORTS, PENTAGON RULES, AND LESSONS FOR THE FUTURE." You can read a PDF of the study at the Web site.

The Center for Media and Democracy
The Center for Media and Democracy is a nonprofit organization that seeks to strengthen "participatory democracy by investigating and exposing public relations spin and propaganda. On the Web site, you'll find topical articles, blog entries, as well as "PR Watch," an investigative quarterly report on the public relations industry.

The Center for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA)
The CMPA is a "nonprofit, nonpartisan research and educational organization that conducts scientific studies of the news and entertainment media. The site offers an archive of research reports on news coverage of such diverse issues as economics, science, and politics, recent press releases and links to international media monitoring organizations."

Center for International and Security Studies, University of Maryland (CISSM)
This study by CISSM, "MEDIA COVERAGE OF WMD," looks at the way that the media covered stories about WMD, including North Korea and Iran. For Iraq, the report looked at the period of October 11-31, 2002. The study concludes: "There is a symbiotic relationship between policymakers and the press. The author, Susan D. Moeller, finds that the media's heavy reliance on official sources made it easier for officials to control leaks and stay on message."

Common Cause
Common Cause is a nonpartisan nonprofit advocacy organization founded in 1970 by John Gardner as a vehicle for citizens to make their voices heard in the political process and to hold their elected leaders accountable to the public interest. Common Cause's Media and Democracy Projects focuses on consolidation and net neutrality issues.

COLUMBIA JOURNALISM REVIEW (CJR)
The COLUMBIA JOURNALISM REVIEW was founded in 1961 "to assess the performance of journalism in all its forms; to call attention to its shortcomings and strengths; to help define and redefine the standards of honest, responsible service; to help stimulate continuing improvement in the profession; and to speak out for what is right, fair and decent." It is published bimonthly by the Columbia Graduate School of Journalism. The site hosts a number of links for media literacy and tools for journalists.

CJR - "How Chalabi Played the Press" and "The Judy Code"
Two stories by David McCollam that examine Ahmed Chalabi's role in feeding defector information to reporters, particularly Judith Miller of THE NEW YORK TIMES, in the lead up the Iraq War.

CJR - "The Editorial Pages And The Case For War"
This report by Chris Mooney focuses on six newspaper editorial pages and the way they covered Colin Powell's speech. (WALL STREET JOURNAL, CHICAGO TRIBUNE, USA TODAY, LOS ANGELES TIMES, NEW YORK TIMES, and WASHINGTON POST.) It found that for the conservative WSJ, war was "above all about American self-defense." In an editorial titled "Saddam and the Next 9/11," Mooney notes, the Journal dived off the deep end to speculate that Hussein had ordered the October 2001 anthrax attacks.

FAIR: Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting
FAIR is a national media watch group that has been covering media bias and censorship since 1986. FAIR "believes that structural reform is ultimately needed to break up the dominant media conglomerates, establish independent public broadcasting and promote strong non-profit sources of information.

FAIR - "The Great WMD Hunt"
This article by Scott Hacker documents the media coverage of the hunt for Weapons of Mass Destruction.

FAIR - "In Iraq Crisis, Networks Are Megaphones For Official Views"
This study examined news coverage for the period of one week before Powell's UN speech and ends one week after (1/30/03 - 02/12/03). According to the data recorded, only 2% of the US and Allied official sources (4 of the 222) were skeptics or opponents of the war.

Future of the Book
The Institute for the Future of the Book is "a small group dedicated to investigating the transformation of intellectual discourse as it shifts from printed pages to networked screens." Through a partnership with Lewis Lapham, the Institute has created an intuitive way to read the Iraq Study Group Report alongside comments by scholars and other informed sources.

MOTHER JONES
"Mother Jones is an independent nonprofit whose roots lie in a commitment to social justice implemented through first rate investigative reporting." Their Web site offers an extensive timeline of the Iraq War.

National Coalition Against Censorship
"The National Coalition Against Censorship (NCAC), founded in 1974, is an alliance of 50 national non-profit organizations, including literary, artistic, religious, educational, professional, labor, and civil liberties groups. United by a conviction that freedom of thought, inquiry, and expression must be defended, we work to educate our own members and the public at large about the dangers of censorship and how to oppose them." This report, entitled "Free Expression After September 11th An Online Index," contains a list of reported examples of censorship from radio station playlists to newspaper columnists.

NPR: The Partisans of Ali, A History of Shia Faith and Politics
"The United States is immersed more deeply than ever in the Muslim world's sectarian divide. A five-part series explores the split between Shia and Sunnis, from its origins shortly after the death of Muhammed in the seventh century to the modern-day upheaval in Iraq."

The New York Times: The Battle for Baghdad
"Daily reports of violence and American and Iraqi military operations in Baghdad. Reports have been confirmed by the Interior Ministry."

ONLINE NEWSHOUR: Iraq
The NewsHour Online Edition provides a report on press coverage of events surrounding the Iraq War.

The PIPA (Program on International Policy Attitudes)/Knowledge Networks Poll
From January through September 2003, PIPA conducted 7 different polls probing respondents for key perceptions and beliefs on US policy towards Iraq. The study found that in the run up to the war and the post war periods, a significant portion of the American public held a number of misperceptions. Significant portions of the public believed that Iraq was directly involved in the 9/11 attacks and that evidence of links between Iraq and al-Qaeda have been found, that WMD were found in Iraq after the war and that Iraq actually used WMDs during the warn, and that world public opinion has approved of the US going to war with Iraq. A large majority, 60% believed in at least one or more of these perceptions. PIPA is part of The Inter Read "Misconceptions, the Media and the Iraq War" (PDF)

Project for Excellence in Journalism - "The State of News Media"
This survey was conducted in 2004, a year that top administration officials and various conservatives argued that the coverage was heavily critical of President Bush, focusing on US casualties and other setbacks rather on positive developments.

The Project for a New American Century
The Project for the New American Century is a non-profit, educational organization created to promote American global leadership founded in 1997. The group was founded to provide a new Conservative leadership in foreign policy, "to make the case and rally support for American global leadership." Some prominent neoconservatives, including William Kristol, are on the group. Their Web site offers a number of position papers written throughout the course of the Iraq conflict.

The Project for Excellence in Journalism (PEJ)
This project examines the state of local news and the newspaper in America, "and hosts reports from the Committee of Concerned Journalists, a panel convened jointly with the Nieman Foundation." The site offers a weekly coverage analysis of the hottest topics in major news media as well as numerous studies of the effect of alternative media (Internet, etc) on the news landscape.

The Tyndall Report
The Tyndall Report monitors American nightly news coverage and provides statistical information about what stories are being covered most on ABC, CBS and NBC. You can use the Web site to check back on major news reporting in the days leading to the Iraq War.

Posted April 25, 2007

Also This Week:

INTERACTIVE TIMELINE
Explore the media coverage surrounding the case for war in Iraq with our interactive timeline of video, headlines and documents

BIOGRAPHIES AND TERMS
Information on people and terms referred to in "Buying the War"

PRE-WAR MEDIA SLIDESHOW
Explore the some of the media coverage surrounding the case for war in Iraq with our headline slideshow

ADDITIONAL INTERVIEWS
Find out more about the press, politics and Iraq from former weapons inspectors Scott Ritter and David Albright and media scholar Kristina Borjesson.

ARTICLE LIBRARY
Review the press coverage by paper and network

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