Hawai'i National Park was set aside in 1916, preserving the ancient crater of Haleakala as well as the active Kilauea. Congress refused to appropriate any money for the new park, however, on the theory, as one Senator said, that "it should not cost anything to run a volcano." Later the park was divided into two parks: Haleakala and Hawai'i Volcanoes.
Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park, Archives
Episode Three: 1915-1919
Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park