The most effective and long-lasting treatment for an eating disorder is psychotherapy or psychological counseling, coupled with careful attention to medical and nutritional needs. Ideally, this treatment is tailored to the individual and will vary according to both the severity of the disorder and the patient's particular problems, needs and strengths.
Psychological counseling must address both the eating-disordered symptoms and the underlying psychological, interpersonal and cultural forces that contributed to the eating disorder.
Typically, care is provided by a licensed health professional, including but not limited to a psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, nutritionist and a medical doctor.
Care should be coordinated and provided by a health professional with expertise and experience in dealing with eating disorders.
Many people with eating disorders respond to outpatient therapy, including individual, group or family therapy and medical management by their primary care provider. Support groups, nutritional counseling and psychiatric medications under careful medical supervision have also proven helpful for some individuals.
Hospital-Based Care (including inpatient, partial hospitalization, intensive outpatient and/or residential care in an eating disorders specialty unit or facility) is necessary when an eating disorder has led to physical problems that may be life-threatening, or when it is associated with severe psychological or behavioral problems.
The exact treatment needs of each individual will vary. It is important for individuals struggling with an eating disorder to find a health professional they trust to help coordinate and oversee their care.