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Watch towers and prison-like security surrounded the U.S. top security, top secret Los Alamos atomic bomb development facility during WWII.
Guards armed with machine guns reinforced the message that anyone breaching security cordons at Los Alamos would be shot.
NKVD boss Latvrenty Pavlovich Beria (1899-1953) supervised the building of the Soviet A-bomb. Here he relaxes with Stalin's daughter Svetlana Alliueva (1926- ) and his fellow Georgian Bolshevik, Joseph Stalin.
Los Alamos was so secret that officially it did not exist. Babies born there received birth certificates indicating they were born at box 1663.
Atomic bomb test explosion.
Los Alamos I.D. card of Theodore Hall (1925- ) Hall retired after a brilliant second career as a biological research scientists, in Great Britain. As
Soviet agent "Mlad" he never faced court charges for stealing atomic bomb secrets.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg convicted of atomic espionage in the "spy trial of the century." were executed in Sing Sing Prison. Julius was a Soviet spy, but on radar and sonar projects. Ethel was just a housewife who happened to be a member of the Communist Party. The left behind two young sons.
Igor Vasilievich Kurchatov (1903-1960) Father of the Soviet Atomic Program. The 104th element of the periodical table is called 'kurchatovium' after the director of Soviet nuclear research 1943-1960.
I.V. Kurchatov first worked at the Ukrainian Physical and Technical Institute in Kharkov during the early 1930's. Here he is in a high voltage plant. This before he earned the nickname "the beard."
I.V. Kurchatov at the control panel of an Atomic plant, one day before his death in 1960. A tireless worker, Kurchatov evaluated the materials Soviet agents stole from Los Alamos. He gave high marks to detailed plans smuggled out in the ENORMOUS Kleenex Box.