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F R E Q U E N T L Y A S K E D Q U E S T I O N S

What is Russian Archives Online?

Where are these Russian films and photos actually located?

Who holds the copyrights to the images on RAO?

Can I download images for my personal/school use?

What if I want to license (use) an image on RAO?

Why is "catalogue" spelled that way? I thought it was spelled "catalog."

Why doesn't "Search Site" search the catalogue databases?

Why can't I search the Russian catalogues?
--or--
Why does all the text on my screen turn into weird symbols?

How do I install Cyrillic fonts on my computer?

How do I set-up my Web browser so I can access the Russian-language catalogue?


Didn't find what you were looking for? Found an error? Email RAO at rao@abamedia.com and we will update the F.A.Q. if enough people have the same question.

 



What is Russian Archives Online?

RAO is an online collection of Russian archives showcasing the archival films, photographs, illustrations, audio recordings, and selected documents from these often difficult to access archives via the World Wide Web. RAO is constantly growing as we add additional databases in both Russian and English, develop new Gallery exhibits highlighting the archive's collections, and acquire new archive partners. For the most part, all archives featured on RAO are public or state institutions which are in no way "owned" by RAO. Please visit About RAO for additional information.

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Where are these Russian films and photos actually located?
It depends on the source of the image. The majority of the images on RAO are physically located at various state archives in Russia. Special collections such as the Hoover Institution at Stanford University house archival material on site in the United States. For more information about specific archives, please visit the The Archives section of RAO.

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Who holds the copyrights to the images on RAO?
All images are copyrighted by their respective rights-owners and are not the property of RAO. Any reproduction, distribution, or use of these images without the specific permission of the archives and other rights-owners is strictly prohibited. Please visit www.abamedia.com for more information.

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Can I download images for my personal/school use?

These archival materials are provided free of charge for online viewing and research in order to open the archives and their collections to the citizens of the world. However, as the costs of preservation, cataloguing, and digitization continually grow for the archives, it is through commercial image licensing that these archives will survive. (Please see The Gallery article on Image Preservation to understand the efforts involved in preserving historical images which can be lost forever.) Therefore, we ask that the images present on RAO not be downloaded and distributed without permission as this only brings the Russian archives one step closer to closing their doors due to lack of funds.

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What if I want to license (use) an image on RAO?

Please contact abamedia at licensing@abamedia.com or visit www.abamedia.com.

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Why is catalogue spelled that way?

"Catalogue" is the accepted international spelling. "Catalog" without the "ue" is the American spelling.

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Why doesn't "Search Site" search the catalogue databases?

Search Site will find any static (always there) pages on the RAO Web site which contain the word(s) for which you are looking. As the catalogue databases dynamically create pages which match your search query, these pages cannot be found using Search Site. Instead go to Catalogues and try your search from there.

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Why can't I search the Russian Catalogues? --or-- Why does all the text on my screen turn into weird symbols?

RAO's Russian catalogues require you to setup you browser to read Cyrillic (Russian) text as well as enable or install a Cyrillic keyboard to type in Russian. The weird symbols you see are the Cyrillic characters converted to a Western font (not pretty). See the below two discussions if you want to setup your computer for Cyrillic. Otherwise you can search the limited English-language catalogues to get a feel for what is available.

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How do I install Cyrillic fonts on my computer?
There are many different Cyrillic fonts available on the Internet for download. Below are instructions for installing the standard Windows Cyrillic fonts for Win95/98/NT and for installing the specific two Cyrillic fonts needed for Macintosh users to access the RAO online Russian catalogue.

Windows95/98/NT:

You will enable "Multilanguage Support" on your computer by following these steps:

  • Go to Start > Settings > Control Panel > Add/Remove Programs.
  • Click on "Windows Setup" tab, then click on "Components" tab.
  • Find a line named "Multilanguage Support" and click on the check box so that it is selected.
  • Click on "Details" button.
  • Find the line of 'Cyrillic language support" and click on the check box to select it.
  • Click on "OK" and you will return to the previous window.
  • Click on "OK" and this will begin the installation.
  • NOTE: You may need your Windows95 CDROM for the installation. If you don't have the CD, you will need to go to http://www.microsoft.com/windows/download/lang.exe and download this file. Save it in a location you can find, go to the file folder location and double click on the file which will self-extract. Now, when the installation asks for the Windows95 CDROM, click on " browse" and go to the location of this folder.
  • To be able to type in Cyrillic, you will need to switch between Latin and Cyrillic keyboards by pressing "Left-Alt" and "Shift" at the same time. You should see "En" switch to "Ru" in the system tray on the bottom right edge of the Windows desktop.

Macintosh:

You will first need to install Cyrillic fonts and a Cyrillic keyboard layout by following these steps:

  • Download the following files which will either be decompressed automatically or will need to be opened with Stuffit Expander: ER Bukinist Macintosh, ER Kurier Macintosh, and Mac keyboard layouts (keyboards by Slava Paperno). The freeware fonts were created by Gavin Herf. You may wish to download these additional fonts if you will be visiting other Russian sites: ER Bukinist 1251, ER Bukinist KOI8, ER Kurier 1251, ER Kurier KOI8.
  • Next drag the font suitcases located in the font folders onto the top of the closed Macintosh HD > System Folder icon on your hardrive. A dialogue box will come up asking if they should be installed in the Fonts folder.
  • Click "OK". Click "OK" to the next dialogue box if it comes up which states that these fonts won't be available until the current programs have been restarted (something like that).
  • Next drag the keyboard layouts onto the Macintosh HD > System Folder > System icon. Click OK on the dialogue boxes which come up.
  • Restart your computer. You might want to first bookmark this site.
  • To switch to the Cyrillic keyboard you just installed either press Control+Option+Space for OS 7.x, or click the keyboard icon at the upper right portion of the Mac desktop (will likely be showing an American or other national flag) and select the new keyboard for OS 8.x. Learning the keyboard is another matter......The best suggestion is to switch to a Cyrillic keyboard, then use the Key Caps utility under the Apple Menu to see how the new fonts map onto the keyboard.

Continue on to the next discussion.

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How do I setup my Web browser so I can access the Russian-language catalogue?

You will need to have installed Cyrillic fonts and enabled/installed a Cyrillic keyboard layout before preceding with browser setup See the above discussion for help. At this moment, we have instructions for Windows95/98/NT and Macintosh System 7.1 and higher (including 8.x) detailed below.
Win3.1: please visit http://www.free.net/Docs/cyrillic/cwww_eng.html#tune4-32 for help with this issue.

If you have any difficulties with any of these procedures, please visit ReesWeb at http://www.ucis.pitt.edu/reesweb/Soft/softind.html for additional information.


To configure your browser to view the new Cyrillic fonts:
( Cyrillic encoding works best with Netscape 3.x and above or Internet Explorer 4 and above.)

Netscape 1:

  • Go to: Options > Preferences > Fonts.
  • For the Latin1 encoding select the Proportional and Fixed fonts.

Netscape 2:

  • Go to Options > General Preferences > Fonts.
  • For the Latin2 encoding, select "ER Bukinist KOI-8" as the Proportional font and "ROI-K8-Courier" as the Fixed font.
  • For the Korean encoding select "ER Bukinist 1251" as the Proportional font and "ER Kurier 1251" as the Fixed font.
  • Now once the fonts are setup, all you have to do to view the catalogue pages is to go to Options > Document Encoding and choose "Korean". This doesn't make sense but it works.

Netscape 3:

  • Go to Options > General Preferences > Fonts.
  • For the Cyrillic(KOI8-R) encoding select "ER Bukinist KOI-8" as the Proportional font and "ROI-K8-Courier" as the Fixed font.
  • For the Cyrillic or Cyrillic(CP-1251win) encoding select "ER Bukinist 1251" as the Proportional font and "ER Kurier 1251" as the Fixed font.
  • Now once the fonts are setup, all you have to do to view the catalogue page is to go to Options > Document Encoding and choose Cyrillic(Win1251).

Netscape 4 (Communicator):

This version handles Cyrillic fonts differently and may already be setup for you. If you can automatically view the Russian pages you are ready to go. If not, Follow these instructions to setup Netscape 4.

Win95/98/NT:

  • Go to Edit > Preferences > Appearance > Fonts.
  • Select the Cyrillic encoding and check to see that the Variable font is "Arial" and the Fixed font is "Courier New", if not, then choose these fonts and click OK.
  • Once the fonts have been selected, to view the catalog pages, just click View > Encoding > Cyrillic (Windows 1251).

Macintosh:

  • Go to Edit > Preferences > Appearance > Fonts.
  • Select the Cyrillic encoding and check to see that the Variable font is "ER Bukinist Macintosh" and the Fixed font is "ER Kurier Macintosh", if not, then choose these fonts and click OK.
  • Once the fonts have been selected, to view the catalog pages, just click View > Encoding > (MacCyrillic).

Internet Explorer 4 & 5:

Win95/98/NT:

  • Go to Edit > Preferences. Select Languages/Fonts from the list.
  • In the Fonts box, select Cyrillic (Windows) from the drop down box labeled Character Set. Select the Proportional font "Arial" and the Fixed font "Courier New" and click OK.
  • Once the fonts have been selected, to view the catalog pages, go to View > Character Set. Select the Cyrillic (Win 1251) encoding.

Macintosh:

  • Unfortunately, at this time Internet Explorer is not supported. You may try to set it up using the Netscape preferences as a reference, but initial tests were negative. If you successfully get the catalogue working please drop us an email. Please consider using Netscape Navigator or Communicator instead until we solve this problem.


 

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