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Risk Factors


Annest JL, Mercy JA, Gibson, DR, Ryan, GW (1995): National estimates of nonfatal firearm-related injury. Beyond the tip of the iceberg. Journal of the American Medical Association, 273 (22), 1749-54.

Berman AL, Jobes DA (1991): Adolescent suicide: Assessment and intervention. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association

Boyd JH, Moscicki, EK (1986). Firearms and youth suicide. American Journal of Public Health, 76(10), 1240-1242.

Brent DA, Perper JA, Moritz G, Baugher M, Schweers J, Roth C (1993). Firearms and adolescent suicide: A community case-control study. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 147, 1066-1071.

Brent DA, Perper JA (1995). Research in adolescent suicide: Implications for training, service delivery, and public policy. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 25, 222-230.

Card JJ (1974). Lethality of Suicidal methods and suicide risk: Two distinct concepts. Omega, 5, 37-45.

Carrington PJ, Moyer S (1994). Gun control and suicide in Ontario. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 606-608.

Centers for Disease Control (1986). Youth Suicide in the United States, 1970-1980.

Department of Health and Human Services (1994). U.S. Public Health Service. Healthy people 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives. (p. 230). Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.

Kachur SP, Potter LB, James SP, Powell KE (1995). Suicide in the United States 1980-1992. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Violence Surveillance Summary Series, No.1.

Kellerman AL, Rivara FP, Rushford NB, et al. (1992). Suicide in the home in relationship to gun ownership. New England Journal of Medicine, 327, 467-472.

Lewinsohn PM, Rohde P, Seeley JR (1996). Adolescent suicidal ideation and attempts: Prevalence, risk factors, and clinical implications. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 3, 25-46.

Loftin C., McDowall D., Wiersema B, Cottey TJ (1991). Effects of restrictive licensing of handguns on homicide and suicide in the District of Columbia. New England Journal of Medicine, 325, 1615-1620.

Marttunen MJ, Aro HM, Lonnqvist JK (1992). Adolescent Suicide: Endpoint of long-term difficulties. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31, 649-654.

Mrazek PJ, Haggerty RJ (1994). Reducing risks for mental disorders: Frontiers for preventive intervention research. Institute of Medicine. National Academy Press: Washington, D.C.

Sloan JH, Rivara FP, Reay DT, Ferris JAJ, Kellermann AL (1990). Firearm regulations and rates of suicide - A comparison of two metropolitan areas. New England Journal of Medicine, 322, 369-373.

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American Association of Suicidology
4201 Connecticut Ave., NW Suite 408
Washington, DC 20008
(202) 237-2280 /

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