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Why the castle town of Conwy was built

We often think of castles as being used as a way to protect against invasion. In this case, King Edward I did just the opposite. He built Conwy and a number of other castles to help him conquer Wales, when he invaded in 1283. It is undoubtedly part of the reason why the castle was originally painted white. This huge castle militarily situated over-looking a strategic waterway would be a constant glaring white reminder to the Welsh that a new power was in control.

The same philosophy was used by the Catholic missionaries on the Pueblo Indians at Pecos National Monument near Santa Fe, featured in the first episode of this series. It too is located on a strategic hill top and was originally painted all white.

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